The effects of probiotic bacteria on glycaemic control in overweight men and women: a randomised controlled trial

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Abstract

Background/Objectives: Evidence from animal and in vitro models suggest a role of probiotic bacteria in improving glycaemic control and delaying the onset of type 2 diabetes. However, the evidence from controlled trials in humans is limited. The objective was to determine if the probiotic bacteria L. acidophilus La5 and B. animalis subsp lactis Bb12, supplemented in a whole food (yoghurt) or isolated (capsules) form, can improve biomarkers of glycaemic control. Subjects/methods:Following a 3-week washout period, 156 overweight men and women over 55 years (mean age: 67±8 years; mean body mass index (31±4 kg/m2) were randomized to a 6-week double-blinded parallel study. The four intervention groups were: (A) probiotic yoghurt plus probiotic capsules; (B) probiotic yoghurt plus placebo capsules; (C) control milk plus probiotic capsules; and (D) control milk plus placebo capsules. Outcome measurements, including fasting glucose, insulin, glycated haemoglobin and Homoeostasis Model Assessment of Insulin Resistance (HOMA-IR), were performed at baseline and week 6. Results: Relative to the milk-control group, probiotic yoghurt resulted in a significantly higher HOMA-IR (0.32±0.15, P=0.038), but did not have a significant effect on the other three measures of glycaemic control (P>0.05). Relative to placebo capsules, probiotic capsules resulted in a significantly higher fasting glucose (0.15±0.07 mmol/l, P=0.037), with no significant effect on the other three measures of glycaemic control (P>0.05). Further analyses did not identify other variables as contributing to these adverse findings. Conclusions:Data from this study does not support the hypothesis that L. acidophilus La5 and B. animalis subsp lactis Bb12, either in isolated form or as part of a whole food, benefit short-term glycaemic control. Indeed, there is weak data for an adverse effect of these strains on glucose homoeostasis.
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)447-52
JournalEuropean Journal of Clinical Nutrition
Volume68
Issue number4
Early online date26 Feb 2014
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Apr 2014

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Probiotics
Capsules
Randomized Controlled Trials
Bacteria
Yogurt
Milk
Homeostasis
Placebos
Glucose
Insulin Resistance
Fasting
Food
Glycosylated Hemoglobin A
Type 2 Diabetes Mellitus
Body Mass Index
Biomarkers
Insulin
Control Groups

Cite this

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title = "The effects of probiotic bacteria on glycaemic control in overweight men and women: a randomised controlled trial",
abstract = "Background/Objectives: Evidence from animal and in vitro models suggest a role of probiotic bacteria in improving glycaemic control and delaying the onset of type 2 diabetes. However, the evidence from controlled trials in humans is limited. The objective was to determine if the probiotic bacteria L. acidophilus La5 and B. animalis subsp lactis Bb12, supplemented in a whole food (yoghurt) or isolated (capsules) form, can improve biomarkers of glycaemic control. Subjects/methods:Following a 3-week washout period, 156 overweight men and women over 55 years (mean age: 67±8 years; mean body mass index (31±4 kg/m2) were randomized to a 6-week double-blinded parallel study. The four intervention groups were: (A) probiotic yoghurt plus probiotic capsules; (B) probiotic yoghurt plus placebo capsules; (C) control milk plus probiotic capsules; and (D) control milk plus placebo capsules. Outcome measurements, including fasting glucose, insulin, glycated haemoglobin and Homoeostasis Model Assessment of Insulin Resistance (HOMA-IR), were performed at baseline and week 6. Results: Relative to the milk-control group, probiotic yoghurt resulted in a significantly higher HOMA-IR (0.32±0.15, P=0.038), but did not have a significant effect on the other three measures of glycaemic control (P>0.05). Relative to placebo capsules, probiotic capsules resulted in a significantly higher fasting glucose (0.15±0.07 mmol/l, P=0.037), with no significant effect on the other three measures of glycaemic control (P>0.05). Further analyses did not identify other variables as contributing to these adverse findings. Conclusions:Data from this study does not support the hypothesis that L. acidophilus La5 and B. animalis subsp lactis Bb12, either in isolated form or as part of a whole food, benefit short-term glycaemic control. Indeed, there is weak data for an adverse effect of these strains on glucose homoeostasis.",
author = "Kerry Ivey and Jonathan Hodgson and D.A. Kerr and Joshua Lewis and Peter Thompson and Richard Prince",
year = "2014",
month = "4",
doi = "10.1038/ejcn.2013.294",
language = "English",
volume = "68",
pages = "447--52",
journal = "European Journal of Clinical Nutrition",
issn = "0954-3007",
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T1 - The effects of probiotic bacteria on glycaemic control in overweight men and women: a randomised controlled trial

AU - Ivey, Kerry

AU - Hodgson, Jonathan

AU - Kerr, D.A.

AU - Lewis, Joshua

AU - Thompson, Peter

AU - Prince, Richard

PY - 2014/4

Y1 - 2014/4

N2 - Background/Objectives: Evidence from animal and in vitro models suggest a role of probiotic bacteria in improving glycaemic control and delaying the onset of type 2 diabetes. However, the evidence from controlled trials in humans is limited. The objective was to determine if the probiotic bacteria L. acidophilus La5 and B. animalis subsp lactis Bb12, supplemented in a whole food (yoghurt) or isolated (capsules) form, can improve biomarkers of glycaemic control. Subjects/methods:Following a 3-week washout period, 156 overweight men and women over 55 years (mean age: 67±8 years; mean body mass index (31±4 kg/m2) were randomized to a 6-week double-blinded parallel study. The four intervention groups were: (A) probiotic yoghurt plus probiotic capsules; (B) probiotic yoghurt plus placebo capsules; (C) control milk plus probiotic capsules; and (D) control milk plus placebo capsules. Outcome measurements, including fasting glucose, insulin, glycated haemoglobin and Homoeostasis Model Assessment of Insulin Resistance (HOMA-IR), were performed at baseline and week 6. Results: Relative to the milk-control group, probiotic yoghurt resulted in a significantly higher HOMA-IR (0.32±0.15, P=0.038), but did not have a significant effect on the other three measures of glycaemic control (P>0.05). Relative to placebo capsules, probiotic capsules resulted in a significantly higher fasting glucose (0.15±0.07 mmol/l, P=0.037), with no significant effect on the other three measures of glycaemic control (P>0.05). Further analyses did not identify other variables as contributing to these adverse findings. Conclusions:Data from this study does not support the hypothesis that L. acidophilus La5 and B. animalis subsp lactis Bb12, either in isolated form or as part of a whole food, benefit short-term glycaemic control. Indeed, there is weak data for an adverse effect of these strains on glucose homoeostasis.

AB - Background/Objectives: Evidence from animal and in vitro models suggest a role of probiotic bacteria in improving glycaemic control and delaying the onset of type 2 diabetes. However, the evidence from controlled trials in humans is limited. The objective was to determine if the probiotic bacteria L. acidophilus La5 and B. animalis subsp lactis Bb12, supplemented in a whole food (yoghurt) or isolated (capsules) form, can improve biomarkers of glycaemic control. Subjects/methods:Following a 3-week washout period, 156 overweight men and women over 55 years (mean age: 67±8 years; mean body mass index (31±4 kg/m2) were randomized to a 6-week double-blinded parallel study. The four intervention groups were: (A) probiotic yoghurt plus probiotic capsules; (B) probiotic yoghurt plus placebo capsules; (C) control milk plus probiotic capsules; and (D) control milk plus placebo capsules. Outcome measurements, including fasting glucose, insulin, glycated haemoglobin and Homoeostasis Model Assessment of Insulin Resistance (HOMA-IR), were performed at baseline and week 6. Results: Relative to the milk-control group, probiotic yoghurt resulted in a significantly higher HOMA-IR (0.32±0.15, P=0.038), but did not have a significant effect on the other three measures of glycaemic control (P>0.05). Relative to placebo capsules, probiotic capsules resulted in a significantly higher fasting glucose (0.15±0.07 mmol/l, P=0.037), with no significant effect on the other three measures of glycaemic control (P>0.05). Further analyses did not identify other variables as contributing to these adverse findings. Conclusions:Data from this study does not support the hypothesis that L. acidophilus La5 and B. animalis subsp lactis Bb12, either in isolated form or as part of a whole food, benefit short-term glycaemic control. Indeed, there is weak data for an adverse effect of these strains on glucose homoeostasis.

U2 - 10.1038/ejcn.2013.294

DO - 10.1038/ejcn.2013.294

M3 - Article

VL - 68

SP - 447

EP - 452

JO - European Journal of Clinical Nutrition

JF - European Journal of Clinical Nutrition

SN - 0954-3007

IS - 4

ER -