The effects of homocysteine and MTHFR genotype on hip bone loss and fracture risk in elderly women

Kun Zhu, J. Beilby, Ian Dick, A. Devine, M. Soos, Richard Prince

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    Few studies have evaluated the effects of homocysteine and methylenetetrahydrofolate reductase (MTHFR) genotype on age-related bone loss. In our 5-year cohort study with 1,213 women aged 70–85 years, high homocysteine is associated with greater hip bone loss but not fracture risk. The effect of MTHFR genotype on bone density and fracture is weak.IntroductionPrevious studies on the effects of homocysteine and MTHFR genotype on bone mineral density (BMD) and osteoporotic fracture risk have shown inconsistent results. Few studies have evaluated their effects on age-related bone loss. We evaluated the effects of homocysteine and MTHFR genotype variation on hip BMD and fracture risk over 5 years in a cohort of 1,213 community-dwelling women aged 70–85 years.MethodsNutritional intake and prevalent fracture status were assessed at baseline, plasma homocysteine was measured at year 1, and hip dual-energy X-ray absorptiometry (DXA) BMD was measured at years 1 and 5. Clinical incident osteoporotic fractures confirmed by radiographic report were collected throughout the study and the MTHFR gene C677T and A1298C polymorphisms genotyped. Data were analyzed using analysis of covariance and Cox proportional hazard regression.ResultsThe highest tertile of homocysteine was associated with a greater hip BMD loss over 4 years (−2.8%) compared to the middle (−1.6%) and lowest tertiles (−1.2%) (P 
    Original languageEnglish
    Pages (from-to)1183-1191
    JournalOsteoporosis International
    Issue number7
    Publication statusPublished - 2009


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