The effects of employee engagement and self-efficacy on job performance: a longitudinal field study

W. Richard Carter, Paul L. Nesbit, Richard J. Badham, Sharon K. Parker, Li-Kuo Sung

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

80 Citations (Scopus)


Self-efficacy’s influence on individual job performance has been well documented in laboratory studies. However, there have been very few rigorous field studies of self-efficacy’s relationship with objectively measured individual job performance in organizational settings. This research history might account for the low take-up of self-efficacy within the business literature as well as within business itself. When it comes to studies of employee engagement, the same lack of rigorous individual studies applies, although several organizational-level studies link employee engagement to organizational performance, while its claimed benefits have been widely discussed in the business literature. Finally, the degree to which employee engagement and self-efficacy have independent and additive effects on individual-level job performance remains unknown. In order to address these issues, a longitudinal field study was undertaken within an Australian financial services firm. Using survey data linked to objectively measured job performance, we found the additive effects of self-efficacy and employee engagement explained 12% of appointments made and 39% of products sold over and above that explained by past performance. This finding suggests human resource management (HRM) practitioners should address both self-efficacy and employee engagement in order to boost job performance while encouraging HRM scholars to incorporate both measures when conducting job performance studies.
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)2483-2502
Number of pages20
JournalInternational Journal of Human Resource Management
Issue number17
Early online date24 Oct 2016
Publication statusPublished - 25 Sep 2018


Dive into the research topics of 'The effects of employee engagement and self-efficacy on job performance: a longitudinal field study'. Together they form a unique fingerprint.

Cite this