Within a natural scene it is not uncommon for an object's shape to be revealed over time. We investigated whether the same integration of shape information that happens around a fully visible contour also happens when that information is distributed over time. In a two-interval forced-choice task, observers discriminated between a radial frequency (RF) pattern and a circle that were revealed either using an implicit slit or traced out by a dot's motion; and a line and a modulated line that were either contour-defined or motion-defined. First, with presentation times of approximately 1 s, we found no difference in the strength of integration when comparing a freely visible contour to one that (a) moved behind a slit; (b) was revealed by a moving slit; or (c) revealed piecemeal by a slit appearing at random locations (Experiment 1). Changing the duration of presentation (250–4,000 ms) had no effect on strength of integration or threshold for detection within the moving slit condition (Experiment 2). Considering these results, Experiment 3 revisited integration for a dot tracing out an RF path (Or, Thabet, Wilkinson, & Wilson, 2011), finding removal of a change in speed cue increased the strength of integration to that found in Experiments 1 and 2 of the current study. The pattern of results for modulated lines was different from RF patterns; however, within these conditions, there was no difference in strength of integration between contour-defined and motion-defined stimuli. Our results suggest motion-defined patterns are processed as form from motion.
Green, R. J., Dickinson, J. E., & Badcock, D. R. (2018). The effect of spatiotemporal displacement on the integration of shape information. Journal of Vision, 18(5), 1-18. . https://doi.org/10.1167/18.5.4