The effect of premature wall yield on creep testing of strongly flocculated suspensions

Anthony D. Stickland, Ashish Kumar, Tiara E. Kusuma, Peter J. Scales, Amy Tindley, Simon Biggs, Richard Buscall

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20 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Measuring yielding in cohesive suspensions is often hampered by slip at measurement surfaces. This paper presents creep data for strongly flocculated suspensions obtained using vane-in-cup tools with differing cup-to-vane diameter ratios. The three suspensions were titania and alumina aggregated at their isoelectric points and polymer-flocculated alumina. The aim was to find the diameter ratio where slip or premature yielding at the cup wall had no effect on the transient behaviour. The large diameter ratio results showed readily understandable material behaviour comprising linear viscoelasticity at low stresses, strain-softening close to yielding, time-dependent yield across a range of stresses and then viscous flow. Tests in small ratio geometries however showed more complex responses. Effects attributed to the cup wall included delayed softening, slip, multiple yielding and stick–slip events, and unsteady flow. The conclusion was that cups have to be relatively large to eliminate wall artefacts. A diameter ratio of three was sufficient in practice, although the minimum ratio must be material dependent.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)337-352
Number of pages16
JournalRheologica Acta
Volume54
Issue number5
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 1 May 2015
Externally publishedYes

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    Stickland, A. D., Kumar, A., Kusuma, T. E., Scales, P. J., Tindley, A., Biggs, S., & Buscall, R. (2015). The effect of premature wall yield on creep testing of strongly flocculated suspensions. Rheologica Acta, 54(5), 337-352. https://doi.org/10.1007/s00397-015-0847-x