The effect of piston friction on engine block dynamics

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Abstract

When developing vibration models, so as to reduce model complexity, it is typically expected that good prediction accuracy can be achieved by ignoring the complication of friction. In this paper, the significance of friction between the piston and cylinder on engine block dynamics is shown through simulation in both the time and frequency domains. Simulations and experiments indicate that large differences exist between model predictions for the engine block moment if this friction is not accounted for. This is especially true at low crankshaft rotational speeds when dynamic inertia effects are small. Experiments on a motored single cylinder engine at different average rotational speeds confirm the theory and very good tie-up with predictions is obtained. It is expected that these findings will also have implications for the torsional vibration of the engine.
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)277-289
JournalPROCEEDINGS OF THE INSTITUTION OF MECHANICAL ENGINEERS. PART K: JOURNAL OF MULTI-BODY DYNAMICS
Volume221
Issue number2
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2007

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