The effect of phosphorus on the formation of hyphae in soil by thevesicular‐arbuscular mycorrhizal fungus, Glomus fasciculatum

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Abstract

Hyphae formed in soil by the vesicular‐arbuscular (VA) mycorrhizal fungus, Glomusfasciculatum (Thaxter sensu Gerd.) Gerd. and Trappe were extracted using the membrane filter techniqe and their length was estimated by the grid intersection method. The effect of phosphorus on the formation of this external mycelium was assessed after sampling procedures had been investigated. Phosphorus supply was varied from amounts severely deficient to those adequate for the growth of subterranean clover. After 6 weeks, the alleviation of severe phosphorus deficiency increased both the length of infected root and the length of external hyphae per centimetre of infected root. Further additions of phosphorus decreased both of these measurements. However, the level of added phosphorus at which the most external hyphae was formed per centimetre of infected root was higher than the level of phosphorus which gave the greatest length of infected root. The increase in phosphorus supply which gave the greatest increase in the length of external hyphae per centimetre of infected root also decreased the formation of vesicles within infected roots. At phosphate levels adequate for growth of mycorrhizal plants, there was little development of either external hyphae in soil or vesicles within the mycorrhizal roots.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)437-446
Number of pages10
JournalNew Phytologist
Volume97
Issue number3
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Jul 1984

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