The effect of diet of the donor cows on in vitro measurements of methane production from wheat and corn incubated in various forage-to-grain ratios

Pablo S. Alvarez-Hess, Peter J. Moate, S. Richard O. Williams, Joe L. Jacobs, Karen A. Beauchemin, Zoey Durmic, Murray C. Hannah, Richard J. Eckard

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Abstract

BACKGROUNDSupplementation of ruminant diets with wheat and corn grains influences ruminal fermentation. In vitro fermentation is a methodology that can be used to screen feeds for their potential to produce enteric methane. However, there is evidence that the diet of the donor cows could impact the results of in vitro analysis. This research investigated the in vitro fermentation of wheat and corn grain when incubated in ruminal fluid from cows fed different grain types and different forage-to-grain ratios.

RESULTSThe type of grain fed to the donor cows, as well as forage-to-grain ratio, affected the outcome of fermentation of wheat and corn grain. Differences in methane production (MP) between grains were only observed when incubated with ruminal fluid adapted to each specific grain type. Increasing proportions of wheat but not of corn decreased in vitro MP in a linear manner compared with MP produced from forage only.

CONCLUSIONSWheat grain has a greater in vitro antimethanogenic effect than corn. However, to detect the different fermentations between wheat and corn, grains should be incubated in ruminal fluid from cows adapted to that specific grain type. (c) 2019 Society of Chemical Industry

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)3451-3458
Number of pages8
JournalJournal of the Science of Food and Agriculture
Volume99
Issue number7
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - May 2019

Cite this

Alvarez-Hess, Pablo S. ; Moate, Peter J. ; Williams, S. Richard O. ; Jacobs, Joe L. ; Beauchemin, Karen A. ; Durmic, Zoey ; Hannah, Murray C. ; Eckard, Richard J. / The effect of diet of the donor cows on in vitro measurements of methane production from wheat and corn incubated in various forage-to-grain ratios. In: Journal of the Science of Food and Agriculture. 2019 ; Vol. 99, No. 7. pp. 3451-3458.
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abstract = "BACKGROUNDSupplementation of ruminant diets with wheat and corn grains influences ruminal fermentation. In vitro fermentation is a methodology that can be used to screen feeds for their potential to produce enteric methane. However, there is evidence that the diet of the donor cows could impact the results of in vitro analysis. This research investigated the in vitro fermentation of wheat and corn grain when incubated in ruminal fluid from cows fed different grain types and different forage-to-grain ratios.RESULTSThe type of grain fed to the donor cows, as well as forage-to-grain ratio, affected the outcome of fermentation of wheat and corn grain. Differences in methane production (MP) between grains were only observed when incubated with ruminal fluid adapted to each specific grain type. Increasing proportions of wheat but not of corn decreased in vitro MP in a linear manner compared with MP produced from forage only.CONCLUSIONSWheat grain has a greater in vitro antimethanogenic effect than corn. However, to detect the different fermentations between wheat and corn, grains should be incubated in ruminal fluid from cows adapted to that specific grain type. (c) 2019 Society of Chemical Industry",
keywords = "in vitro, methane, ruminal fluid, wheat, corn, ruminant, GAS-PRODUCTION TECHNIQUE, RUMINAL FERMENTATION, METHANOGENIC BACTERIA, DEGRADATION, AMMONIA, PH, ASSOCIATION, FEEDSTUFFS, EMISSIONS",
author = "Alvarez-Hess, {Pablo S.} and Moate, {Peter J.} and Williams, {S. Richard O.} and Jacobs, {Joe L.} and Beauchemin, {Karen A.} and Zoey Durmic and Hannah, {Murray C.} and Eckard, {Richard J.}",
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The effect of diet of the donor cows on in vitro measurements of methane production from wheat and corn incubated in various forage-to-grain ratios. / Alvarez-Hess, Pablo S.; Moate, Peter J.; Williams, S. Richard O.; Jacobs, Joe L.; Beauchemin, Karen A.; Durmic, Zoey; Hannah, Murray C.; Eckard, Richard J.

In: Journal of the Science of Food and Agriculture, Vol. 99, No. 7, 05.2019, p. 3451-3458.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

TY - JOUR

T1 - The effect of diet of the donor cows on in vitro measurements of methane production from wheat and corn incubated in various forage-to-grain ratios

AU - Alvarez-Hess, Pablo S.

AU - Moate, Peter J.

AU - Williams, S. Richard O.

AU - Jacobs, Joe L.

AU - Beauchemin, Karen A.

AU - Durmic, Zoey

AU - Hannah, Murray C.

AU - Eckard, Richard J.

PY - 2019/5

Y1 - 2019/5

N2 - BACKGROUNDSupplementation of ruminant diets with wheat and corn grains influences ruminal fermentation. In vitro fermentation is a methodology that can be used to screen feeds for their potential to produce enteric methane. However, there is evidence that the diet of the donor cows could impact the results of in vitro analysis. This research investigated the in vitro fermentation of wheat and corn grain when incubated in ruminal fluid from cows fed different grain types and different forage-to-grain ratios.RESULTSThe type of grain fed to the donor cows, as well as forage-to-grain ratio, affected the outcome of fermentation of wheat and corn grain. Differences in methane production (MP) between grains were only observed when incubated with ruminal fluid adapted to each specific grain type. Increasing proportions of wheat but not of corn decreased in vitro MP in a linear manner compared with MP produced from forage only.CONCLUSIONSWheat grain has a greater in vitro antimethanogenic effect than corn. However, to detect the different fermentations between wheat and corn, grains should be incubated in ruminal fluid from cows adapted to that specific grain type. (c) 2019 Society of Chemical Industry

AB - BACKGROUNDSupplementation of ruminant diets with wheat and corn grains influences ruminal fermentation. In vitro fermentation is a methodology that can be used to screen feeds for their potential to produce enteric methane. However, there is evidence that the diet of the donor cows could impact the results of in vitro analysis. This research investigated the in vitro fermentation of wheat and corn grain when incubated in ruminal fluid from cows fed different grain types and different forage-to-grain ratios.RESULTSThe type of grain fed to the donor cows, as well as forage-to-grain ratio, affected the outcome of fermentation of wheat and corn grain. Differences in methane production (MP) between grains were only observed when incubated with ruminal fluid adapted to each specific grain type. Increasing proportions of wheat but not of corn decreased in vitro MP in a linear manner compared with MP produced from forage only.CONCLUSIONSWheat grain has a greater in vitro antimethanogenic effect than corn. However, to detect the different fermentations between wheat and corn, grains should be incubated in ruminal fluid from cows adapted to that specific grain type. (c) 2019 Society of Chemical Industry

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DO - 10.1002/jsfa.9563

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JO - Journal of the Science of Food and Agriculture

JF - Journal of the Science of Food and Agriculture

SN - 0022-5142

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