The Effect of Decreased Catecholamine Transmission on ERP Indices of Selective Attention

A.M. Shelley, S.V. Catts, P.B. Ward, S. Andrews, P. Mitchell, P. Michie, N. Mcconaghy

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Abstract

This study examines the effect of decreased catecholamine transmission on event-related potential (ERP) indices of selective attention. Intravenous clonidine (1.5 mu g/kg Catapres), droperidol (15 mu g/kg Droleptan), or placebo were administered to healthy adult males prior to performance of a multidimensional auditory selective attention task (SAT) in which dichotically presented sequences of tone pips varied on dimensions of location (left or right ear), pitch (high or low), and duration (short or long). Subjects were required to make a button press response to infrequent ''target'' stimuli that matched a prespecified stimulus on three dimensions. ERPs were recorded during the task. Clonidine led to a significant increase of processing negativity (PN) over 200-400 ms at the irrelevant location. Droperidol led to a significant increase in reaction time (RT), a significant decrease in the hit rate, and an attenuation of PN over the 200- to 400-ms and 400- to 700-ms epochs. Neither substance led to a significant change in P3 amplitude. The role of catecholamines in the selective attention subprocesses of ''tuning'' and ''switching'' is discussed. (C) 1997 American College of Neuropsychopharmacology.
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)202-210
JournalNeuropsychopharmacology
Volume16
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 1997

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    Shelley, A. M., Catts, S. V., Ward, P. B., Andrews, S., Mitchell, P., Michie, P., & Mcconaghy, N. (1997). The Effect of Decreased Catecholamine Transmission on ERP Indices of Selective Attention. Neuropsychopharmacology, 16, 202-210. https://doi.org/10.1016/S0893-133X(96)00190-X