The effect of approach/avoidance training on alcohol consumption is mediated by change in alcohol action tendency

J.M. Sharbanee, L. Hu, Werner Stritzke, R.W.H.J. Wiers, M. Rinck, Colin Macleod

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

25 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Training people to respond to alcohol images by making avoidance joystick movements can affect subsequent alcohol consumption, and has shown initial efficacy as a treatment adjunct. However, the mechanisms that underlie the training's efficacy are unknown. The present study aimed to determine 1) whether the training's effect is mediated by a change in action tendency or a change in selective attention, and 2) whether the training's effect is moderated by individual differences in working memory capacity (WMC). Three groups of social drinkers (total N = 74) completed either approach-alcohol training, avoid-alcohol training or a sham-training on the Approach-Avoidance Task (AAT). Participants' WMC was assessed prior to training, while their alcohol-related action tendency and selective attention were assessed before and after the training on the recently developed Selective-Attention/Action Tendency Task (SA/ATT), before finally completing an alcohol taste-test. There was no significant main effect of approach/avoidance training on alcohol consumption during the taste-test. However, there was a significant indirect effect of training on alcohol consumption mediated by a change in action tendency, but no indirect effect mediated by a change in selective attention. There was inconsistent evidence of WMC moderating training efficacy, with moderation found only for the effect of approach-alcohol training on the AAT but not on the SA/ATT. Thus approach/avoidance training affects alcohol consumption specifically by changing the underlying action tendency. Multiple training sessions may be required in order to observe more substantive changes in drinking behaviour. © 2014 Sharbanee et al.
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)10pp
JournalPLoS One
Volume9
Issue number1
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2014

Fingerprint

Dive into the research topics of 'The effect of approach/avoidance training on alcohol consumption is mediated by change in alcohol action tendency'. Together they form a unique fingerprint.

Cite this