The degenerative spine: pattern recognition and guidelines to image interpretation

P. M. Parizel, A. J.L. Van Hoyweghen, A. Bali, J. Van Goethem, L. Van Den Hauwe

Research output: Chapter in Book/Conference paperChapterpeer-review

5 Citations (Web of Science)


Degenerative disease of the spine, in the form of intervertebral disc degeneration and bony growth, causing osteophytes and impinging upon the spinal canal and neural foramina, is the most frequent disorder affecting the spine. In this chapter we first discuss briefly the indications for computed tomography or magnetic resonance imaging in suspected degenerative spine disease. We then describe changes of disc height, signal intensity, and disc contour with aging and repeated microtrauma, as well as the imaging techniques most appropriate to image them. A grading system for lumbar disc changes is provided. Stenosis of the canal and neural foramina is reviewed next, concluding with a description of degenerative changes affecting the vertebral endplates and bone marrow.

Original languageEnglish
Title of host publicationHandbook of Clinical Neurology
Subtitle of host publicationNeuroimaging Part II
EditorsJoseph C. Masdeu, R. Gilberto Gonzalez
Place of PublicationUSA
Number of pages22
ISBN (Electronic)9780702045387
ISBN (Print)9780444534866
Publication statusPublished - 2016
Externally publishedYes

Publication series

NameHandbook of Clinical Neurology
ISSN (Print)0072-9752
ISSN (Electronic)2212-4152


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