The changes seen in balloon-injured porcine femoral arteries following sympathectomy

M.D. Lamawansa, S.J. Wysocki, Anthony House, Paul Norman

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On the basis that vasoconstriction may contribute to restenosis following angioplasty, the influence of lumbar sympathectomy on the morphometry of femoral arteries after balloon injury was examined in a pig model. Twenty-six juvenile pigs underwent balloon de-endothelialization of the right femoral artery followed by an open bilateral lumbar sympathectomy (n = 14) or a sham sympathectomy (n = 12). Four weeks later flow was measured in femoral arteries. Animals were then killed and the femoral arteries were perfusion-fixed and harvested. Sympathectomy resulted in a significant (P = 0.04) increase in flow in both the injured (right) and uninjured (left) femoral arteries. Sympathectomy did not inhibit intimal thickening following balloon injury: median (interquartile range) intimal area was 0.4 mm(2) (0.3-0.9) in the sympathectomy group versus 0.5 mm(2) (0.4-0.9) in the sham group. Sympathectomy did, however, result in a significant (P = 0.02) increase in the lumen area: 1.1 mm(2) (0.8-1.8) versus 0.7 mm(2) (0.6-0.9). Sympathectomy may reduce vasospasm following angioplasty with the potential for clinical benefit. (C) 1999 The International Society for Cardiovascular Surgery, Published by Elsevier Science Ltd. All rights reserved.
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)526 - 531
JournalCardiovascular Surgery
Issue number5
Publication statusPublished - 1999


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