The barley Frost resistance-H2 locus

Marianna Pasquariello, Delfina Barabaschi, Axel Himmelbach, Burkhard Steuernagel, Ruvini Ariyadasa, Nils Stein, Francesco Gandolfi, Elena Tenedini, Isabella Bernardis, Enrico Tagliafico, Nicola Pecchioni, Enrico Francia

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

12 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Frost resistance-H2 (Fr-H2) is a major QTL affecting freezing tolerance in barley, yet its molecular basis is still not clearly understood. To gain a better insight into the structural characterization of the locus, a high-resolution linkage map developed from the Nure × Tremois cross was initially implemented to map 13 loci which divided the 0.602 cM total genetic distance into ten recombination segments. A PCR-based screening was then applied to identify positive bacterial artificial chromosome (BAC) clones from two genomic libraries of the reference genotype Morex. Twenty-six overlapping BACs from the integrated physical-genetic map were 454 sequenced. Reads assembled in contigs were subsequently ordered, aligned and manually curated in 42 scaffolds. In a total of 1.47 Mbp, 58 protein-coding sequences were identified, 33 of which classified according to similarity with sequences in public databases. As three complete barley C-repeat Binding Factors (HvCBF) genes were newly identified, the locus contained13 full-length HvCBFs, four Related to AP2 Triticeae (RAPT) genes, and at least five CBF pseudogenes. The final overall assembly of Fr-H2 includes more than 90 % of target region: all genes were identified along the locus, and a general survey of Repetitive Elements obtained. We believe that this gold-standard sequence for the Morex Fr-H2 will be a useful genomic tool for structural and evolutionary comparisons with Fr-H2 in winter-hardy cultivars along with Fr-2 of other Triticeae crops.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)85-100
Number of pages16
JournalFunctional and Integrative Genomics
Volume14
Issue number1
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Mar 2014
Externally publishedYes

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