The antimalarial agent mefloquine inhibits ATP-sensitive K-channels

F.M. Gribble, Timothy Davis, C.E. Higham, A. Clark, F.M. Ashcroft

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    Abstract

    1 The aim of this study was to determine whether antimalarial agents inhibit ATP-sensitive potassium (K-ATP) channels and thereby contribute to the observed side-effects of these drugs.2 Mefloquine (10-100 muM), but not artenusate (100 muM), stimulated insulin release from pancreatic islets in vitvo.3 Macroscopic K-ATP currents were studied in inside-out patches excised from Xenopus oocytes expressing cloned K-ATP channels.4 Mefloquine (IC50 similar to3 muM), quinine (IC50 similar to3 muM), and chloroquine inhibited the pancreatic beta -cell type of KATP channel Kir6.2/SUR1. Artenusate (100 muM) was without effect.5 Mefloquine and quinine also blocked a truncated form of Kir6.2 (Kir6.2 Delta C36) when expressed in the absence of SUR1. The extent of block was similar to that observed for Kir6.2/SUR1 currents.6 Our results suggest that inhibition of the beta -cell K-ATP channel accounts for the ability of quinoline-based antimalarial drugs to stimulate insulin secretion, and thereby produce hypoglycaemia.7 The results also indicate that quinoline-based antimalarial agents inhibit K-ATP channels by interaction with the Kir6.2 subunit. This subunit is common to beta -cell, neuronal, cardiac, skeletal muscle, and some smooth muscle K-ATP channels suggesting that K-ATP channel inhibition may contribute to the other side effects of these drugs, which include cardiac conduction abnormalities and neuropsychiatric disturbances.
    Original languageEnglish
    Pages (from-to)756-760
    JournalBritish Journal of Pharmacology
    Volume131
    Issue number4
    DOIs
    Publication statusPublished - 2000

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