The 6dF Galaxy Survey: cosmological constraints from the velocity power spectrum

A. Johnson, C. Blake, J. Koda, Yin-Zhe Ma, M. Colless, M. Crocce, T.M. Davis, H. Jones., C. Magoulas, J.R. Lucey, J. Mould, M. Scrimgeour, Chris Springob

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We present scale-dependent measurements of the normalized growth rate of structure fσ8(k, z = 0) using only the peculiar motions of galaxies. We use data from the 6-degree Field Galaxy Survey velocity sample together with a newly compiled sample of low-redshift (z < 0.07) Type Ia supernovae. We constrain the growth rate in a series of Δk ∼ 0.03 h Mpc−1 bins to ∼35 per cent precision, including a measurement on scales >300 h−1 Mpc, which represents one of the largest scale growth rate measurement to date. We find no evidence for a scale-dependence in the growth rate, or any statistically significant variation from the growth rate as predicted by the Planck cosmology. Bringing all the scales together, we determine the normalized growth rate at z = 0 to ∼15 per cent in a manner independent of galaxy bias and in excellent agreement with the constraint from the measurements of redshift-space distortions from 6-degree Field Galaxy Survey. We pay particular attention to systematic errors. We point out that the intrinsic scatter present in Fundamental Plane and Tully–Fisher relations is only Gaussian in logarithmic distance units; wrongly assuming it is Gaussian in linear (velocity) units can bias cosmological constraints. We also analytically marginalize over zero-point errors in distance indicators, validate the accuracy of all our constraints using numerical simulations, and demonstrate how to combine different (correlated) velocity surveys using a matrix ‘hyperparameter’ analysis. Current and forthcoming peculiar velocity surveys will allow us to understand in detail the growth of structure in the low-redshift universe, providing strong constraints on the nature of dark energy.
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)3926-3947
Number of pages22
JournalMonthly Notices of the Royal Astronomical Society
Issue number2014
Early online date18 Sept 2014
Publication statusPublished - 11 Nov 2014


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