Tests of General Relativity with GW150914

B. P. Abbott, R. Abbott, T. D. Abbott, M.R. Abernathy, F. Acernese, K. Ackley, C. Adams, T. Adams, P. Addesso, R.X. Adhikari, V.B. Adya, C. Affeldt, M. Agathos, K. Agatsuma, N. Aggarwal, O.D. Aguiar, L. Aiello, A. Ain, P. Ajith, B. Allen & 232 others A. Allocca, P.A. Altin, S. B. Anderson, W. G. Anderson, K. Arai, M.C. Araya, C.C. Arceneaux, J.S. Areeda, N. Arnaud, K.G. Arun, S. Ascenzi, G. Ashton, M. Ast, S. M. Aston, P. Astone, P. Aufmuth, C. Aulbert, S. Babak, P. Bacon, M. K.M. Bader, P.T. Baker, F. Baldaccini, G. Ballardin, S.W. Ballmer, J.C. Barayoga, S.E. Barclay, B.C. Barish, D. Barker, F. Barone, B. Barr, L. Barsotti, M. Barsuglia, D. Barta, J. Bartlett, I. Bartos, R. Bassiri, A. Basti, J.C. Batch, C. Baune, V. Bavigadda, M. Bazzan, B. Behnke, M. Bejger, A. S. Bell, C. J. Bell, B.K. Berger, J. Bergman, G. Bergmann, C. P.L. Berry, D. Bersanetti, A. Bertolini, J. Betzwieser, S. Bhagwat, R. Bhandare, I. A. Bilenko, G. Billingsley, J. Birch, R. Birney, O. Birnholtz, S. Biscans, A. Bisht, M. Bitossi, C. Biwer, M.A. Bizouard, J.K. Blackburn, C. D. Blair, D. G. Blair, R.M. Blair, S. Bloemen, O. Bock, T.P. Bodiya, M. Boer, G. Bogaert, C. Bogan, A. Bohe, P. Bojtos, C. Bond, F. Bondu, R. Bonnand, B. A. Boom, R. Bork, V. Boschi, S. Bose, Y. Bouffanais, A. Bozzi, C. Bradaschia, P. R. Brady, V. B. Braginsky, M. Branchesi, J. E. Brau, T. Briant, A. Brillet, M. Brinkmann, V. Brisson, P. Brockill, A. F. Brooks, D. A. Brown, D. D. Brown, N. M. Brown, C. C. Buchanan, A. Buikema, T. Bulik, H. J. Bulten, A. Buonanno, D. Buskulic, C. Buy, R. L. Byer, L. Cadonati, G. Cagnoli, C. Cahillane, J. Calderón Bustillo, T. Callister, E. Calloni, J. B. Camp, K. C. Cannon, J. Cao, C. D. Capano, E. Capocasa, F. Carbognani, S. Caride, J. Casanueva Diaz, C. Casentini, S. Caudill, M. Cavaglià, F. Cavalier, R. Cavalieri, G. Cella, C. B. Cepeda, L. Cerboni Baiardi, G. Cerretani, E. Cesarini, R. Chakraborty, T. Chalermsongsak, S.J. Chamberlin, M. Chan, S. Chao, P. Charlton, E. Chassande-Mottin, H. Y. Chen, Y. Chen, C. Cheng, A. Chincarini, A. Chiummo, H. S. Cho, M. Cho, J.H. Chow, N. Christensen, Q. Chu, S. Chua, S. Chung, G. Ciani, F. Clara, J. A. Clark, F. Cleva, E. Coccia, P. F. Cohadon, A. Colla, C. G. Collette, L. Cominsky, M. Constancio, A. Conte, L. Conti, D. Cook, T.R. Corbitt, N. Cornish, A. Corsi, S. Cortese, C. A. Costa, M. W. Coughlin, S. B. Coughlin, J. P. Coulon, S.T. Countryman, P. Couvares, E. E. Cowan, D. M. Coward, M.J. Cowart, D.C. Coyne, R. Coyne, K. Craig, J. D E Creighton, J. Cripe, S. G. Crowder, A. Cumming, L. Cunningham, E. Cuoco, T. Dal Canton, S. L. Danilishin, S. D'Antonio, K. Danzmann, N. S. Darman, V. Dattilo, I. Dave, H. P. Daveloza, M. Davier, G. S. Davies, E.J. Daw, R. Day, D. Debra, G. Debreczeni, J. Degallaix, M. De Laurentis, S. Deléglise, W. Del Pozzo, T. Denker, T. Dent, Q. Fang, W. M. Farr, S. Gras, I. S. Heng, E. J. Howell, L. Ju, T. Kaur, P. D. Lasky, H. M. Lee, J. Luo, Y. Ma, H. Miao, J. Miller, T. T. Nguyen, S. H. Oh, D. J. Ottaway, J. Qin, B. J.J. Slagmolen, R. J.E. Smith, A. K. Srivastava, S. Strigin, S. P. Vyatchanin, L. Wen, A. R. Williamson, G. Wu, LIGO Scientific Collaboration and Virgo Collaboration, Bruce Gendre

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Abstract

The LIGO detection of GW150914 provides an unprecedented opportunity to study the two-body motion of a compact-object binary in the large-velocity, highly nonlinear regime, and to witness the final merger of the binary and the excitation of uniquely relativistic modes of the gravitational field. We carry out several investigations to determine whether GW150914 is consistent with a binary black-hole merger in general relativity. We find that the final remnant's mass and spin, as determined from the low-frequency (inspiral) and high-frequency (postinspiral) phases of the signal, are mutually consistent with the binary black-hole solution in general relativity. Furthermore, the data following the peak of GW150914 are consistent with the least-damped quasinormal mode inferred from the mass and spin of the remnant black hole. By using waveform models that allow for parametrized general-relativity violations during the inspiral and merger phases, we perform quantitative tests on the gravitational-wave phase in the dynamical regime and we determine the first empirical bounds on several high-order post-Newtonian coefficients. We constrain the graviton Compton wavelength, assuming that gravitons are dispersed in vacuum in the same way as particles with mass, obtaining a 90%-confidence lower bound of 1013 km. In conclusion, within our statistical uncertainties, we find no evidence for violations of general relativity in the genuinely strong-field regime of gravity.

Original languageEnglish
Article number221101
Number of pages19
JournalPhysical Review Letters
Volume116
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 31 May 2016

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relativity
gravitons
LIGO (observatory)
gravitational waves
gravitational fields
confidence
waveforms
gravitation
low frequencies
vacuum
coefficients
wavelengths
excitation

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Abbott, B. P., Abbott, R., Abbott, T. D., Abernathy, M. R., Acernese, F., Ackley, K., ... Gendre, B. (2016). Tests of General Relativity with GW150914. Physical Review Letters, 116, [221101]. https://doi.org/10.1103/PhysRevLett.116.221101
Abbott, B. P. ; Abbott, R. ; Abbott, T. D. ; Abernathy, M.R. ; Acernese, F. ; Ackley, K. ; Adams, C. ; Adams, T. ; Addesso, P. ; Adhikari, R.X. ; Adya, V.B. ; Affeldt, C. ; Agathos, M. ; Agatsuma, K. ; Aggarwal, N. ; Aguiar, O.D. ; Aiello, L. ; Ain, A. ; Ajith, P. ; Allen, B. ; Allocca, A. ; Altin, P.A. ; Anderson, S. B. ; Anderson, W. G. ; Arai, K. ; Araya, M.C. ; Arceneaux, C.C. ; Areeda, J.S. ; Arnaud, N. ; Arun, K.G. ; Ascenzi, S. ; Ashton, G. ; Ast, M. ; Aston, S. M. ; Astone, P. ; Aufmuth, P. ; Aulbert, C. ; Babak, S. ; Bacon, P. ; Bader, M. K.M. ; Baker, P.T. ; Baldaccini, F. ; Ballardin, G. ; Ballmer, S.W. ; Barayoga, J.C. ; Barclay, S.E. ; Barish, B.C. ; Barker, D. ; Barone, F. ; Barr, B. ; Barsotti, L. ; Barsuglia, M. ; Barta, D. ; Bartlett, J. ; Bartos, I. ; Bassiri, R. ; Basti, A. ; Batch, J.C. ; Baune, C. ; Bavigadda, V. ; Bazzan, M. ; Behnke, B. ; Bejger, M. ; Bell, A. S. ; Bell, C. J. ; Berger, B.K. ; Bergman, J. ; Bergmann, G. ; Berry, C. P.L. ; Bersanetti, D. ; Bertolini, A. ; Betzwieser, J. ; Bhagwat, S. ; Bhandare, R. ; Bilenko, I. A. ; Billingsley, G. ; Birch, J. ; Birney, R. ; Birnholtz, O. ; Biscans, S. ; Bisht, A. ; Bitossi, M. ; Biwer, C. ; Bizouard, M.A. ; Blackburn, J.K. ; Blair, C. D. ; Blair, D. G. ; Blair, R.M. ; Bloemen, S. ; Bock, O. ; Bodiya, T.P. ; Boer, M. ; Bogaert, G. ; Bogan, C. ; Bohe, A. ; Bojtos, P. ; Bond, C. ; Bondu, F. ; Bonnand, R. ; Boom, B. A. ; Bork, R. ; Boschi, V. ; Bose, S. ; Bouffanais, Y. ; Bozzi, A. ; Bradaschia, C. ; Brady, P. R. ; Braginsky, V. B. ; Branchesi, M. ; Brau, J. E. ; Briant, T. ; Brillet, A. ; Brinkmann, M. ; Brisson, V. ; Brockill, P. ; Brooks, A. F. ; Brown, D. A. ; Brown, D. D. ; Brown, N. M. ; Buchanan, C. C. ; Buikema, A. ; Bulik, T. ; Bulten, H. J. ; Buonanno, A. ; Buskulic, D. ; Buy, C. ; Byer, R. L. ; Cadonati, L. ; Cagnoli, G. ; Cahillane, C. ; Calderón Bustillo, J. ; Callister, T. ; Calloni, E. ; Camp, J. B. ; Cannon, K. C. ; Cao, J. ; Capano, C. D. ; Capocasa, E. ; Carbognani, F. ; Caride, S. ; Casanueva Diaz, J. ; Casentini, C. ; Caudill, S. ; Cavaglià, M. ; Cavalier, F. ; Cavalieri, R. ; Cella, G. ; Cepeda, C. B. ; Cerboni Baiardi, L. ; Cerretani, G. ; Cesarini, E. ; Chakraborty, R. ; Chalermsongsak, T. ; Chamberlin, S.J. ; Chan, M. ; Chao, S. ; Charlton, P. ; Chassande-Mottin, E. ; Chen, H. Y. ; Chen, Y. ; Cheng, C. ; Chincarini, A. ; Chiummo, A. ; Cho, H. S. ; Cho, M. ; Chow, J.H. ; Christensen, N. ; Chu, Q. ; Chua, S. ; Chung, S. ; Ciani, G. ; Clara, F. ; Clark, J. A. ; Cleva, F. ; Coccia, E. ; Cohadon, P. F. ; Colla, A. ; Collette, C. G. ; Cominsky, L. ; Constancio, M. ; Conte, A. ; Conti, L. ; Cook, D. ; Corbitt, T.R. ; Cornish, N. ; Corsi, A. ; Cortese, S. ; Costa, C. A. ; Coughlin, M. W. ; Coughlin, S. B. ; Coulon, J. P. ; Countryman, S.T. ; Couvares, P. ; Cowan, E. E. ; Coward, D. M. ; Cowart, M.J. ; Coyne, D.C. ; Coyne, R. ; Craig, K. ; Creighton, J. D E ; Cripe, J. ; Crowder, S. G. ; Cumming, A. ; Cunningham, L. ; Cuoco, E. ; Dal Canton, T. ; Danilishin, S. L. ; D'Antonio, S. ; Danzmann, K. ; Darman, N. S. ; Dattilo, V. ; Dave, I. ; Daveloza, H. P. ; Davier, M. ; Davies, G. S. ; Daw, E.J. ; Day, R. ; Debra, D. ; Debreczeni, G. ; Degallaix, J. ; De Laurentis, M. ; Deléglise, S. ; Del Pozzo, W. ; Denker, T. ; Dent, T. ; Fang, Q. ; Farr, W. M. ; Gras, S. ; Heng, I. S. ; Howell, E. J. ; Ju, L. ; Kaur, T. ; Lasky, P. D. ; Lee, H. M. ; Luo, J. ; Ma, Y. ; Miao, H. ; Miller, J. ; Nguyen, T. T. ; Oh, S. H. ; Ottaway, D. J. ; Qin, J. ; Slagmolen, B. J.J. ; Smith, R. J.E. ; Srivastava, A. K. ; Strigin, S. ; Vyatchanin, S. P. ; Wen, L. ; Williamson, A. R. ; Wu, G. ; LIGO Scientific Collaboration and Virgo Collaboration ; Gendre, Bruce. / Tests of General Relativity with GW150914. In: Physical Review Letters. 2016 ; Vol. 116.
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title = "Tests of General Relativity with GW150914",
abstract = "The LIGO detection of GW150914 provides an unprecedented opportunity to study the two-body motion of a compact-object binary in the large-velocity, highly nonlinear regime, and to witness the final merger of the binary and the excitation of uniquely relativistic modes of the gravitational field. We carry out several investigations to determine whether GW150914 is consistent with a binary black-hole merger in general relativity. We find that the final remnant's mass and spin, as determined from the low-frequency (inspiral) and high-frequency (postinspiral) phases of the signal, are mutually consistent with the binary black-hole solution in general relativity. Furthermore, the data following the peak of GW150914 are consistent with the least-damped quasinormal mode inferred from the mass and spin of the remnant black hole. By using waveform models that allow for parametrized general-relativity violations during the inspiral and merger phases, we perform quantitative tests on the gravitational-wave phase in the dynamical regime and we determine the first empirical bounds on several high-order post-Newtonian coefficients. We constrain the graviton Compton wavelength, assuming that gravitons are dispersed in vacuum in the same way as particles with mass, obtaining a 90{\%}-confidence lower bound of 1013 km. In conclusion, within our statistical uncertainties, we find no evidence for violations of general relativity in the genuinely strong-field regime of gravity.",
author = "Abbott, {B. P.} and R. Abbott and Abbott, {T. D.} and M.R. Abernathy and F. Acernese and K. Ackley and C. Adams and T. Adams and P. Addesso and R.X. Adhikari and V.B. Adya and C. Affeldt and M. Agathos and K. Agatsuma and N. Aggarwal and O.D. Aguiar and L. Aiello and A. Ain and P. Ajith and B. Allen and A. Allocca and P.A. Altin and Anderson, {S. B.} and Anderson, {W. G.} and K. Arai and M.C. Araya and C.C. Arceneaux and J.S. Areeda and N. Arnaud and K.G. Arun and S. Ascenzi and G. Ashton and M. Ast and Aston, {S. M.} and P. Astone and P. Aufmuth and C. Aulbert and S. Babak and P. Bacon and Bader, {M. K.M.} and P.T. Baker and F. Baldaccini and G. Ballardin and S.W. Ballmer and J.C. Barayoga and S.E. Barclay and B.C. Barish and D. Barker and F. Barone and B. Barr and L. Barsotti and M. Barsuglia and D. Barta and J. Bartlett and I. Bartos and R. Bassiri and A. Basti and J.C. Batch and C. Baune and V. Bavigadda and M. Bazzan and B. Behnke and M. Bejger and Bell, {A. S.} and Bell, {C. J.} and B.K. Berger and J. Bergman and G. Bergmann and Berry, {C. P.L.} and D. Bersanetti and A. Bertolini and J. Betzwieser and S. Bhagwat and R. Bhandare and Bilenko, {I. A.} and G. Billingsley and J. Birch and R. Birney and O. Birnholtz and S. Biscans and A. Bisht and M. Bitossi and C. Biwer and M.A. Bizouard and J.K. Blackburn and Blair, {C. D.} and Blair, {D. G.} and R.M. Blair and S. Bloemen and O. Bock and T.P. Bodiya and M. Boer and G. Bogaert and C. Bogan and A. Bohe and P. Bojtos and C. Bond and F. Bondu and R. Bonnand and Boom, {B. A.} and R. Bork and V. Boschi and S. Bose and Y. Bouffanais and A. Bozzi and C. Bradaschia and Brady, {P. R.} and Braginsky, {V. B.} and M. Branchesi and Brau, {J. E.} and T. Briant and A. Brillet and M. Brinkmann and V. Brisson and P. Brockill and Brooks, {A. F.} and Brown, {D. A.} and Brown, {D. D.} and Brown, {N. M.} and Buchanan, {C. C.} and A. Buikema and T. Bulik and Bulten, {H. J.} and A. Buonanno and D. Buskulic and C. Buy and Byer, {R. L.} and L. Cadonati and G. Cagnoli and C. Cahillane and {Calder{\'o}n Bustillo}, J. and T. Callister and E. Calloni and Camp, {J. B.} and Cannon, {K. C.} and J. Cao and Capano, {C. D.} and E. Capocasa and F. Carbognani and S. Caride and {Casanueva Diaz}, J. and C. Casentini and S. Caudill and M. Cavagli{\`a} and F. Cavalier and R. Cavalieri and G. Cella and Cepeda, {C. B.} and {Cerboni Baiardi}, L. and G. Cerretani and E. Cesarini and R. Chakraborty and T. Chalermsongsak and S.J. Chamberlin and M. Chan and S. Chao and P. Charlton and E. Chassande-Mottin and Chen, {H. Y.} and Y. Chen and C. Cheng and A. Chincarini and A. Chiummo and Cho, {H. S.} and M. Cho and J.H. Chow and N. Christensen and Q. Chu and S. Chua and S. Chung and G. Ciani and F. Clara and Clark, {J. A.} and F. Cleva and E. Coccia and Cohadon, {P. F.} and A. Colla and Collette, {C. G.} and L. Cominsky and M. Constancio and A. Conte and L. Conti and D. Cook and T.R. Corbitt and N. Cornish and A. Corsi and S. Cortese and Costa, {C. A.} and Coughlin, {M. W.} and Coughlin, {S. B.} and Coulon, {J. P.} and S.T. Countryman and P. Couvares and Cowan, {E. E.} and Coward, {D. M.} and M.J. Cowart and D.C. Coyne and R. Coyne and K. Craig and Creighton, {J. D E} and J. Cripe and Crowder, {S. G.} and A. Cumming and L. Cunningham and E. Cuoco and {Dal Canton}, T. and Danilishin, {S. L.} and S. D'Antonio and K. Danzmann and Darman, {N. S.} and V. Dattilo and I. Dave and Daveloza, {H. P.} and M. Davier and Davies, {G. S.} and E.J. Daw and R. Day and D. Debra and G. Debreczeni and J. Degallaix and {De Laurentis}, M. and S. Del{\'e}glise and {Del Pozzo}, W. and T. Denker and T. Dent and Q. Fang and Farr, {W. M.} and S. Gras and Heng, {I. S.} and Howell, {E. J.} and L. Ju and T. Kaur and Lasky, {P. D.} and Lee, {H. M.} and J. Luo and Y. Ma and H. Miao and J. Miller and Nguyen, {T. T.} and Oh, {S. H.} and Ottaway, {D. J.} and J. Qin and Slagmolen, {B. J.J.} and Smith, {R. J.E.} and Srivastava, {A. K.} and S. Strigin and Vyatchanin, {S. P.} and L. Wen and Williamson, {A. R.} and G. Wu and {LIGO Scientific Collaboration and Virgo Collaboration} and Bruce Gendre",
year = "2016",
month = "5",
day = "31",
doi = "10.1103/PhysRevLett.116.221101",
language = "English",
volume = "116",
journal = "Physical Review Letters",
issn = "0031-9007",
publisher = "American Physical Society",

}

Abbott, BP, Abbott, R, Abbott, TD, Abernathy, MR, Acernese, F, Ackley, K, Adams, C, Adams, T, Addesso, P, Adhikari, RX, Adya, VB, Affeldt, C, Agathos, M, Agatsuma, K, Aggarwal, N, Aguiar, OD, Aiello, L, Ain, A, Ajith, P, Allen, B, Allocca, A, Altin, PA, Anderson, SB, Anderson, WG, Arai, K, Araya, MC, Arceneaux, CC, Areeda, JS, Arnaud, N, Arun, KG, Ascenzi, S, Ashton, G, Ast, M, Aston, SM, Astone, P, Aufmuth, P, Aulbert, C, Babak, S, Bacon, P, Bader, MKM, Baker, PT, Baldaccini, F, Ballardin, G, Ballmer, SW, Barayoga, JC, Barclay, SE, Barish, BC, Barker, D, Barone, F, Barr, B, Barsotti, L, Barsuglia, M, Barta, D, Bartlett, J, Bartos, I, Bassiri, R, Basti, A, Batch, JC, Baune, C, Bavigadda, V, Bazzan, M, Behnke, B, Bejger, M, Bell, AS, Bell, CJ, Berger, BK, Bergman, J, Bergmann, G, Berry, CPL, Bersanetti, D, Bertolini, A, Betzwieser, J, Bhagwat, S, Bhandare, R, Bilenko, IA, Billingsley, G, Birch, J, Birney, R, Birnholtz, O, Biscans, S, Bisht, A, Bitossi, M, Biwer, C, Bizouard, MA, Blackburn, JK, Blair, CD, Blair, DG, Blair, RM, Bloemen, S, Bock, O, Bodiya, TP, Boer, M, Bogaert, G, Bogan, C, Bohe, A, Bojtos, P, Bond, C, Bondu, F, Bonnand, R, Boom, BA, Bork, R, Boschi, V, Bose, S, Bouffanais, Y, Bozzi, A, Bradaschia, C, Brady, PR, Braginsky, VB, Branchesi, M, Brau, JE, Briant, T, Brillet, A, Brinkmann, M, Brisson, V, Brockill, P, Brooks, AF, Brown, DA, Brown, DD, Brown, NM, Buchanan, CC, Buikema, A, Bulik, T, Bulten, HJ, Buonanno, A, Buskulic, D, Buy, C, Byer, RL, Cadonati, L, Cagnoli, G, Cahillane, C, Calderón Bustillo, J, Callister, T, Calloni, E, Camp, JB, Cannon, KC, Cao, J, Capano, CD, Capocasa, E, Carbognani, F, Caride, S, Casanueva Diaz, J, Casentini, C, Caudill, S, Cavaglià, M, Cavalier, F, Cavalieri, R, Cella, G, Cepeda, CB, Cerboni Baiardi, L, Cerretani, G, Cesarini, E, Chakraborty, R, Chalermsongsak, T, Chamberlin, SJ, Chan, M, Chao, S, Charlton, P, Chassande-Mottin, E, Chen, HY, Chen, Y, Cheng, C, Chincarini, A, Chiummo, A, Cho, HS, Cho, M, Chow, JH, Christensen, N, Chu, Q, Chua, S, Chung, S, Ciani, G, Clara, F, Clark, JA, Cleva, F, Coccia, E, Cohadon, PF, Colla, A, Collette, CG, Cominsky, L, Constancio, M, Conte, A, Conti, L, Cook, D, Corbitt, TR, Cornish, N, Corsi, A, Cortese, S, Costa, CA, Coughlin, MW, Coughlin, SB, Coulon, JP, Countryman, ST, Couvares, P, Cowan, EE, Coward, DM, Cowart, MJ, Coyne, DC, Coyne, R, Craig, K, Creighton, JDE, Cripe, J, Crowder, SG, Cumming, A, Cunningham, L, Cuoco, E, Dal Canton, T, Danilishin, SL, D'Antonio, S, Danzmann, K, Darman, NS, Dattilo, V, Dave, I, Daveloza, HP, Davier, M, Davies, GS, Daw, EJ, Day, R, Debra, D, Debreczeni, G, Degallaix, J, De Laurentis, M, Deléglise, S, Del Pozzo, W, Denker, T, Dent, T, Fang, Q, Farr, WM, Gras, S, Heng, IS, Howell, EJ, Ju, L, Kaur, T, Lasky, PD, Lee, HM, Luo, J, Ma, Y, Miao, H, Miller, J, Nguyen, TT, Oh, SH, Ottaway, DJ, Qin, J, Slagmolen, BJJ, Smith, RJE, Srivastava, AK, Strigin, S, Vyatchanin, SP, Wen, L, Williamson, AR, Wu, G, LIGO Scientific Collaboration and Virgo Collaboration & Gendre, B 2016, 'Tests of General Relativity with GW150914' Physical Review Letters, vol. 116, 221101. https://doi.org/10.1103/PhysRevLett.116.221101

Tests of General Relativity with GW150914. / Abbott, B. P.; Abbott, R.; Abbott, T. D.; Abernathy, M.R.; Acernese, F.; Ackley, K.; Adams, C.; Adams, T.; Addesso, P.; Adhikari, R.X.; Adya, V.B.; Affeldt, C.; Agathos, M.; Agatsuma, K.; Aggarwal, N.; Aguiar, O.D.; Aiello, L.; Ain, A.; Ajith, P.; Allen, B.; Allocca, A.; Altin, P.A.; Anderson, S. B.; Anderson, W. G.; Arai, K.; Araya, M.C.; Arceneaux, C.C.; Areeda, J.S.; Arnaud, N.; Arun, K.G.; Ascenzi, S.; Ashton, G.; Ast, M.; Aston, S. M.; Astone, P.; Aufmuth, P.; Aulbert, C.; Babak, S.; Bacon, P.; Bader, M. K.M.; Baker, P.T.; Baldaccini, F.; Ballardin, G.; Ballmer, S.W.; Barayoga, J.C.; Barclay, S.E.; Barish, B.C.; Barker, D.; Barone, F.; Barr, B.; Barsotti, L.; Barsuglia, M.; Barta, D.; Bartlett, J.; Bartos, I.; Bassiri, R.; Basti, A.; Batch, J.C.; Baune, C.; Bavigadda, V.; Bazzan, M.; Behnke, B.; Bejger, M.; Bell, A. S.; Bell, C. J.; Berger, B.K.; Bergman, J.; Bergmann, G.; Berry, C. P.L.; Bersanetti, D.; Bertolini, A.; Betzwieser, J.; Bhagwat, S.; Bhandare, R.; Bilenko, I. A.; Billingsley, G.; Birch, J.; Birney, R.; Birnholtz, O.; Biscans, S.; Bisht, A.; Bitossi, M.; Biwer, C.; Bizouard, M.A.; Blackburn, J.K.; Blair, C. D.; Blair, D. G.; Blair, R.M.; Bloemen, S.; Bock, O.; Bodiya, T.P.; Boer, M.; Bogaert, G.; Bogan, C.; Bohe, A.; Bojtos, P.; Bond, C.; Bondu, F.; Bonnand, R.; Boom, B. A.; Bork, R.; Boschi, V.; Bose, S.; Bouffanais, Y.; Bozzi, A.; Bradaschia, C.; Brady, P. R.; Braginsky, V. B.; Branchesi, M.; Brau, J. E.; Briant, T.; Brillet, A.; Brinkmann, M.; Brisson, V.; Brockill, P.; Brooks, A. F.; Brown, D. A.; Brown, D. D.; Brown, N. M.; Buchanan, C. C.; Buikema, A.; Bulik, T.; Bulten, H. J.; Buonanno, A.; Buskulic, D.; Buy, C.; Byer, R. L.; Cadonati, L.; Cagnoli, G.; Cahillane, C.; Calderón Bustillo, J.; Callister, T.; Calloni, E.; Camp, J. B.; Cannon, K. C.; Cao, J.; Capano, C. D.; Capocasa, E.; Carbognani, F.; Caride, S.; Casanueva Diaz, J.; Casentini, C.; Caudill, S.; Cavaglià, M.; Cavalier, F.; Cavalieri, R.; Cella, G.; Cepeda, C. B.; Cerboni Baiardi, L.; Cerretani, G.; Cesarini, E.; Chakraborty, R.; Chalermsongsak, T.; Chamberlin, S.J.; Chan, M.; Chao, S.; Charlton, P.; Chassande-Mottin, E.; Chen, H. Y.; Chen, Y.; Cheng, C.; Chincarini, A.; Chiummo, A.; Cho, H. S.; Cho, M.; Chow, J.H.; Christensen, N.; Chu, Q.; Chua, S.; Chung, S.; Ciani, G.; Clara, F.; Clark, J. A.; Cleva, F.; Coccia, E.; Cohadon, P. F.; Colla, A.; Collette, C. G.; Cominsky, L.; Constancio, M.; Conte, A.; Conti, L.; Cook, D.; Corbitt, T.R.; Cornish, N.; Corsi, A.; Cortese, S.; Costa, C. A.; Coughlin, M. W.; Coughlin, S. B.; Coulon, J. P.; Countryman, S.T.; Couvares, P.; Cowan, E. E.; Coward, D. M.; Cowart, M.J.; Coyne, D.C.; Coyne, R.; Craig, K.; Creighton, J. D E; Cripe, J.; Crowder, S. G.; Cumming, A.; Cunningham, L.; Cuoco, E.; Dal Canton, T.; Danilishin, S. L.; D'Antonio, S.; Danzmann, K.; Darman, N. S.; Dattilo, V.; Dave, I.; Daveloza, H. P.; Davier, M.; Davies, G. S.; Daw, E.J.; Day, R.; Debra, D.; Debreczeni, G.; Degallaix, J.; De Laurentis, M.; Deléglise, S.; Del Pozzo, W.; Denker, T.; Dent, T.; Fang, Q.; Farr, W. M.; Gras, S.; Heng, I. S.; Howell, E. J.; Ju, L.; Kaur, T.; Lasky, P. D.; Lee, H. M.; Luo, J.; Ma, Y.; Miao, H.; Miller, J.; Nguyen, T. T.; Oh, S. H.; Ottaway, D. J.; Qin, J.; Slagmolen, B. J.J.; Smith, R. J.E.; Srivastava, A. K.; Strigin, S.; Vyatchanin, S. P.; Wen, L.; Williamson, A. R.; Wu, G.; LIGO Scientific Collaboration and Virgo Collaboration ; Gendre, Bruce.

In: Physical Review Letters, Vol. 116, 221101, 31.05.2016.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

TY - JOUR

T1 - Tests of General Relativity with GW150914

AU - Abbott, B. P.

AU - Abbott, R.

AU - Abbott, T. D.

AU - Abernathy, M.R.

AU - Acernese, F.

AU - Ackley, K.

AU - Adams, C.

AU - Adams, T.

AU - Addesso, P.

AU - Adhikari, R.X.

AU - Adya, V.B.

AU - Affeldt, C.

AU - Agathos, M.

AU - Agatsuma, K.

AU - Aggarwal, N.

AU - Aguiar, O.D.

AU - Aiello, L.

AU - Ain, A.

AU - Ajith, P.

AU - Allen, B.

AU - Allocca, A.

AU - Altin, P.A.

AU - Anderson, S. B.

AU - Anderson, W. G.

AU - Arai, K.

AU - Araya, M.C.

AU - Arceneaux, C.C.

AU - Areeda, J.S.

AU - Arnaud, N.

AU - Arun, K.G.

AU - Ascenzi, S.

AU - Ashton, G.

AU - Ast, M.

AU - Aston, S. M.

AU - Astone, P.

AU - Aufmuth, P.

AU - Aulbert, C.

AU - Babak, S.

AU - Bacon, P.

AU - Bader, M. K.M.

AU - Baker, P.T.

AU - Baldaccini, F.

AU - Ballardin, G.

AU - Ballmer, S.W.

AU - Barayoga, J.C.

AU - Barclay, S.E.

AU - Barish, B.C.

AU - Barker, D.

AU - Barone, F.

AU - Barr, B.

AU - Barsotti, L.

AU - Barsuglia, M.

AU - Barta, D.

AU - Bartlett, J.

AU - Bartos, I.

AU - Bassiri, R.

AU - Basti, A.

AU - Batch, J.C.

AU - Baune, C.

AU - Bavigadda, V.

AU - Bazzan, M.

AU - Behnke, B.

AU - Bejger, M.

AU - Bell, A. S.

AU - Bell, C. J.

AU - Berger, B.K.

AU - Bergman, J.

AU - Bergmann, G.

AU - Berry, C. P.L.

AU - Bersanetti, D.

AU - Bertolini, A.

AU - Betzwieser, J.

AU - Bhagwat, S.

AU - Bhandare, R.

AU - Bilenko, I. A.

AU - Billingsley, G.

AU - Birch, J.

AU - Birney, R.

AU - Birnholtz, O.

AU - Biscans, S.

AU - Bisht, A.

AU - Bitossi, M.

AU - Biwer, C.

AU - Bizouard, M.A.

AU - Blackburn, J.K.

AU - Blair, C. D.

AU - Blair, D. G.

AU - Blair, R.M.

AU - Bloemen, S.

AU - Bock, O.

AU - Bodiya, T.P.

AU - Boer, M.

AU - Bogaert, G.

AU - Bogan, C.

AU - Bohe, A.

AU - Bojtos, P.

AU - Bond, C.

AU - Bondu, F.

AU - Bonnand, R.

AU - Boom, B. A.

AU - Bork, R.

AU - Boschi, V.

AU - Bose, S.

AU - Bouffanais, Y.

AU - Bozzi, A.

AU - Bradaschia, C.

AU - Brady, P. R.

AU - Braginsky, V. B.

AU - Branchesi, M.

AU - Brau, J. E.

AU - Briant, T.

AU - Brillet, A.

AU - Brinkmann, M.

AU - Brisson, V.

AU - Brockill, P.

AU - Brooks, A. F.

AU - Brown, D. A.

AU - Brown, D. D.

AU - Brown, N. M.

AU - Buchanan, C. C.

AU - Buikema, A.

AU - Bulik, T.

AU - Bulten, H. J.

AU - Buonanno, A.

AU - Buskulic, D.

AU - Buy, C.

AU - Byer, R. L.

AU - Cadonati, L.

AU - Cagnoli, G.

AU - Cahillane, C.

AU - Calderón Bustillo, J.

AU - Callister, T.

AU - Calloni, E.

AU - Camp, J. B.

AU - Cannon, K. C.

AU - Cao, J.

AU - Capano, C. D.

AU - Capocasa, E.

AU - Carbognani, F.

AU - Caride, S.

AU - Casanueva Diaz, J.

AU - Casentini, C.

AU - Caudill, S.

AU - Cavaglià, M.

AU - Cavalier, F.

AU - Cavalieri, R.

AU - Cella, G.

AU - Cepeda, C. B.

AU - Cerboni Baiardi, L.

AU - Cerretani, G.

AU - Cesarini, E.

AU - Chakraborty, R.

AU - Chalermsongsak, T.

AU - Chamberlin, S.J.

AU - Chan, M.

AU - Chao, S.

AU - Charlton, P.

AU - Chassande-Mottin, E.

AU - Chen, H. Y.

AU - Chen, Y.

AU - Cheng, C.

AU - Chincarini, A.

AU - Chiummo, A.

AU - Cho, H. S.

AU - Cho, M.

AU - Chow, J.H.

AU - Christensen, N.

AU - Chu, Q.

AU - Chua, S.

AU - Chung, S.

AU - Ciani, G.

AU - Clara, F.

AU - Clark, J. A.

AU - Cleva, F.

AU - Coccia, E.

AU - Cohadon, P. F.

AU - Colla, A.

AU - Collette, C. G.

AU - Cominsky, L.

AU - Constancio, M.

AU - Conte, A.

AU - Conti, L.

AU - Cook, D.

AU - Corbitt, T.R.

AU - Cornish, N.

AU - Corsi, A.

AU - Cortese, S.

AU - Costa, C. A.

AU - Coughlin, M. W.

AU - Coughlin, S. B.

AU - Coulon, J. P.

AU - Countryman, S.T.

AU - Couvares, P.

AU - Cowan, E. E.

AU - Coward, D. M.

AU - Cowart, M.J.

AU - Coyne, D.C.

AU - Coyne, R.

AU - Craig, K.

AU - Creighton, J. D E

AU - Cripe, J.

AU - Crowder, S. G.

AU - Cumming, A.

AU - Cunningham, L.

AU - Cuoco, E.

AU - Dal Canton, T.

AU - Danilishin, S. L.

AU - D'Antonio, S.

AU - Danzmann, K.

AU - Darman, N. S.

AU - Dattilo, V.

AU - Dave, I.

AU - Daveloza, H. P.

AU - Davier, M.

AU - Davies, G. S.

AU - Daw, E.J.

AU - Day, R.

AU - Debra, D.

AU - Debreczeni, G.

AU - Degallaix, J.

AU - De Laurentis, M.

AU - Deléglise, S.

AU - Del Pozzo, W.

AU - Denker, T.

AU - Dent, T.

AU - Fang, Q.

AU - Farr, W. M.

AU - Gras, S.

AU - Heng, I. S.

AU - Howell, E. J.

AU - Ju, L.

AU - Kaur, T.

AU - Lasky, P. D.

AU - Lee, H. M.

AU - Luo, J.

AU - Ma, Y.

AU - Miao, H.

AU - Miller, J.

AU - Nguyen, T. T.

AU - Oh, S. H.

AU - Ottaway, D. J.

AU - Qin, J.

AU - Slagmolen, B. J.J.

AU - Smith, R. J.E.

AU - Srivastava, A. K.

AU - Strigin, S.

AU - Vyatchanin, S. P.

AU - Wen, L.

AU - Williamson, A. R.

AU - Wu, G.

AU - LIGO Scientific Collaboration and Virgo Collaboration

AU - Gendre, Bruce

PY - 2016/5/31

Y1 - 2016/5/31

N2 - The LIGO detection of GW150914 provides an unprecedented opportunity to study the two-body motion of a compact-object binary in the large-velocity, highly nonlinear regime, and to witness the final merger of the binary and the excitation of uniquely relativistic modes of the gravitational field. We carry out several investigations to determine whether GW150914 is consistent with a binary black-hole merger in general relativity. We find that the final remnant's mass and spin, as determined from the low-frequency (inspiral) and high-frequency (postinspiral) phases of the signal, are mutually consistent with the binary black-hole solution in general relativity. Furthermore, the data following the peak of GW150914 are consistent with the least-damped quasinormal mode inferred from the mass and spin of the remnant black hole. By using waveform models that allow for parametrized general-relativity violations during the inspiral and merger phases, we perform quantitative tests on the gravitational-wave phase in the dynamical regime and we determine the first empirical bounds on several high-order post-Newtonian coefficients. We constrain the graviton Compton wavelength, assuming that gravitons are dispersed in vacuum in the same way as particles with mass, obtaining a 90%-confidence lower bound of 1013 km. In conclusion, within our statistical uncertainties, we find no evidence for violations of general relativity in the genuinely strong-field regime of gravity.

AB - The LIGO detection of GW150914 provides an unprecedented opportunity to study the two-body motion of a compact-object binary in the large-velocity, highly nonlinear regime, and to witness the final merger of the binary and the excitation of uniquely relativistic modes of the gravitational field. We carry out several investigations to determine whether GW150914 is consistent with a binary black-hole merger in general relativity. We find that the final remnant's mass and spin, as determined from the low-frequency (inspiral) and high-frequency (postinspiral) phases of the signal, are mutually consistent with the binary black-hole solution in general relativity. Furthermore, the data following the peak of GW150914 are consistent with the least-damped quasinormal mode inferred from the mass and spin of the remnant black hole. By using waveform models that allow for parametrized general-relativity violations during the inspiral and merger phases, we perform quantitative tests on the gravitational-wave phase in the dynamical regime and we determine the first empirical bounds on several high-order post-Newtonian coefficients. We constrain the graviton Compton wavelength, assuming that gravitons are dispersed in vacuum in the same way as particles with mass, obtaining a 90%-confidence lower bound of 1013 km. In conclusion, within our statistical uncertainties, we find no evidence for violations of general relativity in the genuinely strong-field regime of gravity.

UR - http://www.scopus.com/inward/record.url?scp=84973439864&partnerID=8YFLogxK

U2 - 10.1103/PhysRevLett.116.221101

DO - 10.1103/PhysRevLett.116.221101

M3 - Article

VL - 116

JO - Physical Review Letters

JF - Physical Review Letters

SN - 0031-9007

M1 - 221101

ER -

Abbott BP, Abbott R, Abbott TD, Abernathy MR, Acernese F, Ackley K et al. Tests of General Relativity with GW150914. Physical Review Letters. 2016 May 31;116. 221101. https://doi.org/10.1103/PhysRevLett.116.221101