Tensor-network-assisted variational quantum algorithm

Junxiang Huang, Wenhao He, Yukun Zhang, Yusen Wu, Bujiao Wu, Xiao Yuan

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

1 Citation (Scopus)


Near-term quantum devices generally suffer from shallow circuit depth and hence limited expressivity due to noise and decoherence. To address this, we propose tensor-network-assisted parametrized quantum circuits, which concatenate a classical tensor-network operator with a quantum circuit to effectively increase the circuit's expressivity without requiring a physically deeper circuit. We present a framework for tensor-network-assisted variational quantum algorithms that can solve quantum many-body problems using shallower quantum circuits. We demonstrate the efficiency of this approach by considering two examples of unitary matrix-product operators and unitary tree tensor networks, showing that they can both be implemented efficiently. Through numerical simulations, we show that the expressivity of these circuits is greatly enhanced with the assistance of tensor networks. We apply our method to two-dimensional Ising models and one-dimensional time-crystal Hamiltonian models with up to 16 qubits and demonstrate that our approach consistently outperforms conventional methods using shallow quantum circuits.

Original languageEnglish
Article number052407
JournalPhysical Review A
Issue number5
Publication statusPublished - 2023


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