Ten years of the Tiger: Aedes albopictus presence in Australia since its discovery in the Torres Strait in 2005

Andrew F. van den Hurk, Jay Nicholson, Nigel W. Beebe, Joe Davis, Odwell M. Muzari, Richard C. Russell, Gregor J. Devine, Scott A. Ritchie

Research output: Contribution to journalReview article

17 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

The "Asian tiger mosquito", Aedes albopictus, is highly invasive, an aggressive biter and a major arbovirus vector. It is not currently present on mainland Australia despite being intercepted on numerous occasions at international ports and infesting the Torres Strait of Australia since at least 2004. In the current paper, we describe the invasion and current status of Ae. albopictus in the Torres Strait, as well as research conducted to assess the threat of this species becoming established in arbovirus transmission cycles on the Australian mainland. Genetic analysis of the invading population demonstrated that the Indonesian region was the likely origin of the invasion and not Papua New Guinea (PNG) as initially suspected. There was also intermixing between Torres Strait, PNG and Indonesian populations, indicating that the species could be re-introduced into the Torres Strait compromising any successful eradication programme. Vector competence experiments with endemic and exotic viruses revealed that Ae. albopictus from the Torres Strait are efficient alphavirus vectors, but less efficient flavivirus vectors. Ae. albopictus obtains blood meals from a range of vertebrate hosts (including humans), indicating that it could play a role in both zoonotic and human-mosquito arbovirus transmission cycles in Australia. Predictive models coupled with climate tolerance experiments suggest that a Torres Strait strain of Ae. albopictus could colonise southern Australia by overwintering in the egg stage before proliferating in the warmer months. Cohabitation experiments demonstrated that the presence of Aedes notoscriptus larvae in containers would not prevent the establishment of Ae. albopictus. Evidence from these studies, coupled with global experience suggests that we need to be prepared for the imminent invasion of Australia by Ae. albopictus by thoroughly understanding its biology and being willing to embrace emerging control technologies.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)19-24
Number of pages6
JournalOne Health
Volume2
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 1 Dec 2016

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Tigers
Aedes
Arboviruses
Papua New Guinea
Culicidae
Alphavirus
Flavivirus
Host Specificity
Zoonoses
Climate
Mental Competency
Population
Ovum
Larva
Meals
Vertebrates
Viruses
Technology
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van den Hurk, Andrew F. ; Nicholson, Jay ; Beebe, Nigel W. ; Davis, Joe ; Muzari, Odwell M. ; Russell, Richard C. ; Devine, Gregor J. ; Ritchie, Scott A. / Ten years of the Tiger : Aedes albopictus presence in Australia since its discovery in the Torres Strait in 2005. In: One Health. 2016 ; Vol. 2. pp. 19-24.
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Ten years of the Tiger : Aedes albopictus presence in Australia since its discovery in the Torres Strait in 2005. / van den Hurk, Andrew F.; Nicholson, Jay; Beebe, Nigel W.; Davis, Joe; Muzari, Odwell M.; Russell, Richard C.; Devine, Gregor J.; Ritchie, Scott A.

In: One Health, Vol. 2, 01.12.2016, p. 19-24.

Research output: Contribution to journalReview article

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AB - The "Asian tiger mosquito", Aedes albopictus, is highly invasive, an aggressive biter and a major arbovirus vector. It is not currently present on mainland Australia despite being intercepted on numerous occasions at international ports and infesting the Torres Strait of Australia since at least 2004. In the current paper, we describe the invasion and current status of Ae. albopictus in the Torres Strait, as well as research conducted to assess the threat of this species becoming established in arbovirus transmission cycles on the Australian mainland. Genetic analysis of the invading population demonstrated that the Indonesian region was the likely origin of the invasion and not Papua New Guinea (PNG) as initially suspected. There was also intermixing between Torres Strait, PNG and Indonesian populations, indicating that the species could be re-introduced into the Torres Strait compromising any successful eradication programme. Vector competence experiments with endemic and exotic viruses revealed that Ae. albopictus from the Torres Strait are efficient alphavirus vectors, but less efficient flavivirus vectors. Ae. albopictus obtains blood meals from a range of vertebrate hosts (including humans), indicating that it could play a role in both zoonotic and human-mosquito arbovirus transmission cycles in Australia. Predictive models coupled with climate tolerance experiments suggest that a Torres Strait strain of Ae. albopictus could colonise southern Australia by overwintering in the egg stage before proliferating in the warmer months. Cohabitation experiments demonstrated that the presence of Aedes notoscriptus larvae in containers would not prevent the establishment of Ae. albopictus. Evidence from these studies, coupled with global experience suggests that we need to be prepared for the imminent invasion of Australia by Ae. albopictus by thoroughly understanding its biology and being willing to embrace emerging control technologies.

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