Temporal-spatial memory: Retrieval of spatial information does not reduce recency

P. Farrand, F.B.R. Parmentier, D.M. Jones

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

27 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Factors influencing the shape of serial position curves in non-verbal serial short-term memory were examined, using a task testing memory for the position of dots. Similar recency slopes were found when both position and order were recalled (Experiment 1A) and when order only was required (Experiment 1B). This observation was confirmed and tested further in conditions requiring the same encoding but different amounts of spatial information at retrieval (Experiment 2). However, Experiment 2 also revealed an effect of spatial information retrieval on the overall level of memory for recency items. Overall, the results indicate that spatial items produce bow-shaped serial positions curves in tasks requiring the maintenance of order information and that recency is affected by the demand on spatial information retrieval in terms of the overall level of performance but not in terms of the recency slope. These findings are contrary to what is found in the literature on serial verbal recall when both item and order information are required. © 2001 Elsevier Science Ltd. All rights reserved.
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)285-301
Number of pages17
JournalActa Psychologica
Volume106
Issue number3
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2001
Externally publishedYes

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