Temporal Delineation and Quantification of Short Term Clustered Mining Seismicity

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

4 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

The assessment of the temporal characteristics of seismicity is fundamental to understanding and quantifying the seismic hazard associated with mining, the effectiveness of strategies and tactics used to manage seismic hazard, and the relationship between seismicity and changes to the mining environment. This article aims to improve the accuracy and precision in which the temporal dimension of seismic responses can be quantified and delineated. We present a review and discussion on the occurrence of time-dependent mining seismicity with a specific focus on temporal modelling and the modified Omori law (MOL). This forms the basis for the development of a simple weighted metric that allows for the consistent temporal delineation and quantification of a seismic response. The optimisation of this metric allows for the selection of the most appropriate modelling interval given the temporal attributes of time-dependent mining seismicity. We evaluate the performance weighted metric for the modelling of a synthetic seismic dataset. This assessment shows that seismic responses can be quantified and delineated by the MOL, with reasonable accuracy and precision, when the modelling is optimised by evaluating the weighted MLE metric. Furthermore, this assessment highlights that decreased weighted MLE metric performance can be expected if there is a lack of contrast between the temporal characteristics of events associated with different processes.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)2581-2599
Number of pages19
JournalPure and Applied Geophysics
Volume174
Issue number7
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Jul 2017

Cite this