Tellurides associated with volcanogenic massive sulfide (VMS) mineralization at Yuinmery and Austin, Western Australia

Lee Y. Hassan, Malcolm P. Roberts

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

7 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Tellurides have been identified in VMS mineralization at Yuinmery and Austin in the Archean Youanmi Terrane, Yilgarn Craton, Western Australia. Tellurides identified at Yuinmery include: petzite, stützite, hessite, tellurobismuthite, altaite, rucklidgeite, melonite, mattagamite and a nickel-cobalt telluride with chemical composition similar to cobaltian melonite which has previously only been reported once before. Tellurides and related minerals identified at Austin include: stützite, volynskite, tellurobismuthite, tetradymite, tsumoite, rucklidgeite, altaite and a mineral with the formula (Bi,Pb)3(Te,Se,S)4 corresponding to the rare mineral poubaite. The tellurides are interpreted to have been deposited with the base metals on and immediately below the sea floor by very hot fluids during a period of quiescence in the volcanism. The mineral assemblage suggests that the fluids in both areas had high ƒTe2 and were oxidising but close to the pyrrhotite-pyrite boundary. The presence of Ni and Co tellurides at Yuinmery but not at Austin is probably due to the derivation of the fluids at Yuinmery from mafic volcanism whereas at Austin the succession is dominantly felsic. The metamorphic grade at Austin is higher than that at Yuinmery and this may have resulted in some re-crystallization of tellurides and tellurosulfides.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)352-362
Number of pages11
JournalOre Geology Reviews
Volume80
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 1 Jan 2017

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