Tectonic significance of deformation patterns in granitoid rocks of the Menderes nappes, Anatolide belt, southwest Turkey

Klaus Gessner, S. Piazolo, T. Gungor, U. Ring, A. Kroner, C.W. Passchier

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    Deformation fabrics in Proterozoic/Cambrian granitic rocks of the Cine nappe, and mid-Triassic granites of the Bozdag nappe constrain aspects of the tectonometamorphic evolution of the Menderes nappes of southwest Turkey. Based on intrusive contacts and structural criteria, the Proterozoic/Cambrian granitic rocks of the Cine nappe are subdivided into older orthogneisses and younger metagranites. The deformation history of the granitic rocks documents two major deformation events. An early, pre-Alpine deformation event (DPA) during amphibolite-facies metamorphism affected only the orthogneisses and produced predominantly top-to-NE shear-sense indicators associated with a NE-trending stretching lineation. The younger metagranites are deformed both by isolated shear zones, and by a major shear zone along the southern boundary of the Cine submassif. We refer to this Alpine deformation event as D-A3. D-A3 shear zones are associated with a N-trending stretching lineation, which formed during greenschistfacies metamorphism. Kinematic indicators associated with this stretching lineation reveal a top-to-south sense of shear. The greenschist-facies shear zones cut the amphibolite-facies structures in the orthogneisses. Pb-207/Pb-206 dating of magmatic zircons from a metagranite, which crosscuts orthogneiss containing amphibolite-facies top-to-NE shear-sense indicators, shows that D-PA occurred before 547.2 +/-1.0 Ma. Such an age is corroborated by the observation that mid-Triassic granites of the Cine and Bozdag nappes lack D-PA structures. The younger, top-to-south fabrics formed most likely as a result of top-to-south Alpine nappe stacking during the collision of the Sakarya continent with Anatolia in the Eocene.
    Original languageEnglish
    Pages (from-to)766-780
    JournalInternational Journal of Earth Sciences
    Publication statusPublished - 2001


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