Targets of olivocochlear collaterals in cochlear nucleus of rat and guinea pig

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Abstract

Descending auditory pathways can modify afferent auditory input en route to cortex. One component of these pathways is the olivocochlear system which originates in brainstem and terminates in cochlea. Medial olivocochlear (MOC) neurons also project collaterals to cochlear nucleus and make synaptic contacts with dendrites of multipolar neurons. Two broadly distinct populations of multipolar cells exist: T-stellate and D-stellate neurons, thought to project to inferior colliculus and contralateral cochlear nucleus, respectively. It is unclear which of these neurons receive direct MOC collateral input due to conflicting results between in vivo and in vitro studies. This study used anatomical techniques to identify which multipolar cell population receives synaptic innervation from MOC collaterals. The retrograde tracer Fluorogold was injected into inferior colliculus or cochlear nucleus to label T-stellate and D-stellate neurons, respectively. Axonal branches of MOC neurons were labeled by biocytin injections at the floor of the fourth ventricle. Fluorogold injections resulted in labeled cochlear nucleus multipolar neurons. Biocytin abundantly labeled MOC collaterals which entered cochlear nucleus. Microscopic analysis revealed that MOC collaterals made some putative synaptic contacts with the retrogradely labeled neurons but many more putative contacts were observed on unidentified neural targets. This suggest that both T- and D-stellate neurons receive synaptic innervation from the MOC collaterals on their somata and proximal dendrites. The prevalence of these contacts cannot be stated with certainty because of technical limitations, but the possibility exists that the collaterals may also make contacts with neurons not projecting to inferior colliculus or the contralateral cochlear nucleus.

Original languageEnglish
JournalThe Journal of Comparative Neurology
DOIs
Publication statusE-pub ahead of print - 12 Mar 2019

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Cochlear Nucleus
Guinea Pigs
Neurons
Inferior Colliculi
Dendrites
Auditory Pathways
Fourth Ventricle
Injections
Cochlea
Carisoprodol
Population
Brain Stem

Cite this

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title = "Targets of olivocochlear collaterals in cochlear nucleus of rat and guinea pig",
abstract = "Descending auditory pathways can modify afferent auditory input en route to cortex. One component of these pathways is the olivocochlear system which originates in brainstem and terminates in cochlea. Medial olivocochlear (MOC) neurons also project collaterals to cochlear nucleus and make synaptic contacts with dendrites of multipolar neurons. Two broadly distinct populations of multipolar cells exist: T-stellate and D-stellate neurons, thought to project to inferior colliculus and contralateral cochlear nucleus, respectively. It is unclear which of these neurons receive direct MOC collateral input due to conflicting results between in vivo and in vitro studies. This study used anatomical techniques to identify which multipolar cell population receives synaptic innervation from MOC collaterals. The retrograde tracer Fluorogold was injected into inferior colliculus or cochlear nucleus to label T-stellate and D-stellate neurons, respectively. Axonal branches of MOC neurons were labeled by biocytin injections at the floor of the fourth ventricle. Fluorogold injections resulted in labeled cochlear nucleus multipolar neurons. Biocytin abundantly labeled MOC collaterals which entered cochlear nucleus. Microscopic analysis revealed that MOC collaterals made some putative synaptic contacts with the retrogradely labeled neurons but many more putative contacts were observed on unidentified neural targets. This suggest that both T- and D-stellate neurons receive synaptic innervation from the MOC collaterals on their somata and proximal dendrites. The prevalence of these contacts cannot be stated with certainty because of technical limitations, but the possibility exists that the collaterals may also make contacts with neurons not projecting to inferior colliculus or the contralateral cochlear nucleus.",
keywords = "axon collateral, centrifugal pathways, cochlear nucleus. RRID: AB_2336827, olivocochlear neurons, superior olivary complex",
author = "Ahmaed Baashar and Donald Robertson and Yates, {Nathanael James} and Mulders, {Wilhelmina Henrica Antonia Maria}",
year = "2019",
month = "3",
day = "12",
doi = "10.1002/cne.24681",
language = "English",
journal = "The Journal of Comparative Neurology",
issn = "0021-9967",
publisher = "Wiley-Liss",

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T1 - Targets of olivocochlear collaterals in cochlear nucleus of rat and guinea pig

AU - Baashar, Ahmaed

AU - Robertson, Donald

AU - Yates, Nathanael James

AU - Mulders, Wilhelmina Henrica Antonia Maria

PY - 2019/3/12

Y1 - 2019/3/12

N2 - Descending auditory pathways can modify afferent auditory input en route to cortex. One component of these pathways is the olivocochlear system which originates in brainstem and terminates in cochlea. Medial olivocochlear (MOC) neurons also project collaterals to cochlear nucleus and make synaptic contacts with dendrites of multipolar neurons. Two broadly distinct populations of multipolar cells exist: T-stellate and D-stellate neurons, thought to project to inferior colliculus and contralateral cochlear nucleus, respectively. It is unclear which of these neurons receive direct MOC collateral input due to conflicting results between in vivo and in vitro studies. This study used anatomical techniques to identify which multipolar cell population receives synaptic innervation from MOC collaterals. The retrograde tracer Fluorogold was injected into inferior colliculus or cochlear nucleus to label T-stellate and D-stellate neurons, respectively. Axonal branches of MOC neurons were labeled by biocytin injections at the floor of the fourth ventricle. Fluorogold injections resulted in labeled cochlear nucleus multipolar neurons. Biocytin abundantly labeled MOC collaterals which entered cochlear nucleus. Microscopic analysis revealed that MOC collaterals made some putative synaptic contacts with the retrogradely labeled neurons but many more putative contacts were observed on unidentified neural targets. This suggest that both T- and D-stellate neurons receive synaptic innervation from the MOC collaterals on their somata and proximal dendrites. The prevalence of these contacts cannot be stated with certainty because of technical limitations, but the possibility exists that the collaterals may also make contacts with neurons not projecting to inferior colliculus or the contralateral cochlear nucleus.

AB - Descending auditory pathways can modify afferent auditory input en route to cortex. One component of these pathways is the olivocochlear system which originates in brainstem and terminates in cochlea. Medial olivocochlear (MOC) neurons also project collaterals to cochlear nucleus and make synaptic contacts with dendrites of multipolar neurons. Two broadly distinct populations of multipolar cells exist: T-stellate and D-stellate neurons, thought to project to inferior colliculus and contralateral cochlear nucleus, respectively. It is unclear which of these neurons receive direct MOC collateral input due to conflicting results between in vivo and in vitro studies. This study used anatomical techniques to identify which multipolar cell population receives synaptic innervation from MOC collaterals. The retrograde tracer Fluorogold was injected into inferior colliculus or cochlear nucleus to label T-stellate and D-stellate neurons, respectively. Axonal branches of MOC neurons were labeled by biocytin injections at the floor of the fourth ventricle. Fluorogold injections resulted in labeled cochlear nucleus multipolar neurons. Biocytin abundantly labeled MOC collaterals which entered cochlear nucleus. Microscopic analysis revealed that MOC collaterals made some putative synaptic contacts with the retrogradely labeled neurons but many more putative contacts were observed on unidentified neural targets. This suggest that both T- and D-stellate neurons receive synaptic innervation from the MOC collaterals on their somata and proximal dendrites. The prevalence of these contacts cannot be stated with certainty because of technical limitations, but the possibility exists that the collaterals may also make contacts with neurons not projecting to inferior colliculus or the contralateral cochlear nucleus.

KW - axon collateral

KW - centrifugal pathways

KW - cochlear nucleus. RRID: AB_2336827

KW - olivocochlear neurons

KW - superior olivary complex

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U2 - 10.1002/cne.24681

DO - 10.1002/cne.24681

M3 - Article

JO - The Journal of Comparative Neurology

JF - The Journal of Comparative Neurology

SN - 0021-9967

ER -