Targeting Features of the Metabolic Syndrome Through Sympatholytic Effects of SGLT2 Inhibition

Lakshini Y. Herat, Jennifer Matthews, Omar Azzam, Markus P. Schlaich, Vance B. Matthews

Research output: Contribution to journalReview articlepeer-review

2 Citations (Web of Science)

Abstract

Purpose of Review: The moderate glucose-lowering effect of sodium glucose co-transporter 2 (SGLT2) inhibitors is unlikely to explain SGLT2 inhibitor-mediated beneficial outcomes, and unravelling the underlying mechanisms is a high priority in the research community. Given the dominant pathophysiologic role of the sympathetic nervous system activation in conditions such as hypertension and perturbed glucose homeostasis, it is pertinent to postulate that SGLT2 inhibitors may exert their beneficial effects at least in part via sympathetic inhibition. Recent Findings: SGLT2 inhibitors have shown enormous potential to improve cardiovascular outcomes in patients with type 2 diabetes, and their therapeutic potential is currently being investigated in a range of associated comorbidities such as heart failure and chronic kidney disease. Indeed, recent experimental data in relevant animal models highlight a bidirectional interaction between sympathetic nervous system activation and SGLT2 expression, and this facilitates several of the features associated with SGLT2 inhibition observed in clinical trials including improved glucose metabolism, weight loss, increased diuresis, and lowering of blood pressure. Summary: Currently available data highlight the various levels of interaction between the sympathetic nervous system and SGLT2 expression and explores the potential for SGLT2 inhibition as a therapeutic strategy in conditions commonly characterised by sympathetic activation.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)67-74
Number of pages8
JournalCurrent Hypertension Reports
Volume24
Issue number3
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Mar 2022

Fingerprint

Dive into the research topics of 'Targeting Features of the Metabolic Syndrome Through Sympatholytic Effects of SGLT2 Inhibition'. Together they form a unique fingerprint.

Cite this