Targeted sequencing of DCSTAMP in familial Paget's disease of bone

M. A. Sultana, N. J. Pavlos, Lynley Ward, J. P. Walsh, S. L. Rea

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Abstract

Paget's disease of bone (PDB) has a strong genetic component. Variants in SQSTM1 are found in up to 40% of patients with a family history of the disease, where a pattern of autosomal dominance with incomplete penetrance is apparent. By contrast, SQSTM1 variants are only found in up to 10% of patients with sporadic disease. It has been hypothesised that the remaining genetic susceptibility to PDB, particularly in familial cases, could be explained by rare genetic variants in loci previously identified by Genome Wide Association Studies. It is likely that polygenic factors are involved in many individuals. In this study we utilised whole exome sequencing to investigate predisposing genetic factors in an unsolved PDB kindred and identified a c.1189C > T p.L397F variant in DC-STAMP, also known as TM7SF4, that co-segregated with disease. DCSTAMP was identified as a gene of interest in PDB following Genome Wide Association Studies and has been previously shown to play critical roles in osteoclast fusion. The variant we identified has also been reported in association with PDB in a French-Canadian cohort however the significance of this variant was inconclusive. Targeted screening of DCSTAMP in our familial cohort of PDB patients revealed an additional 8 variants; however we did not find a significant association between any of these, including p.L397F, with PDB. Osteoclastogenesis assays from the affected proband and his unaffected brother demonstrated an increase in osteoclast number and nucleation, consistent with the pagetic phenotype. In converse to other established Paget's associated genetic variations such as SQSTM1, TNFRSF11A and OPTN, expression of the mutant DC-STAMP protein attenuated the activation of transcription factors NFκB and AP-1 when exogenously expressed. We found that the p.L397F variant did not influence the subcellular localization of the protein. Based on these findings we conclude that genetic variation in DCSTAMP is not a significant predisposing factor in our specific cohort of PDB patients and the p.L397F variant is unlikely to be a contributing factor in PDB pathogenesis.

Original languageEnglish
Article number100198
JournalBone Reports
Volume10
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 1 Jun 2019

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Osteitis Deformans
Genome-Wide Association Study
Osteoclasts
Causality
Exome
Familial Paget's disease of bone
Penetrance
Transcription Factor AP-1
Genetic Predisposition to Disease
Osteogenesis
Siblings
Proteins
Phenotype

Cite this

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title = "Targeted sequencing of DCSTAMP in familial Paget's disease of bone",
abstract = "Paget's disease of bone (PDB) has a strong genetic component. Variants in SQSTM1 are found in up to 40{\%} of patients with a family history of the disease, where a pattern of autosomal dominance with incomplete penetrance is apparent. By contrast, SQSTM1 variants are only found in up to 10{\%} of patients with sporadic disease. It has been hypothesised that the remaining genetic susceptibility to PDB, particularly in familial cases, could be explained by rare genetic variants in loci previously identified by Genome Wide Association Studies. It is likely that polygenic factors are involved in many individuals. In this study we utilised whole exome sequencing to investigate predisposing genetic factors in an unsolved PDB kindred and identified a c.1189C > T p.L397F variant in DC-STAMP, also known as TM7SF4, that co-segregated with disease. DCSTAMP was identified as a gene of interest in PDB following Genome Wide Association Studies and has been previously shown to play critical roles in osteoclast fusion. The variant we identified has also been reported in association with PDB in a French-Canadian cohort however the significance of this variant was inconclusive. Targeted screening of DCSTAMP in our familial cohort of PDB patients revealed an additional 8 variants; however we did not find a significant association between any of these, including p.L397F, with PDB. Osteoclastogenesis assays from the affected proband and his unaffected brother demonstrated an increase in osteoclast number and nucleation, consistent with the pagetic phenotype. In converse to other established Paget's associated genetic variations such as SQSTM1, TNFRSF11A and OPTN, expression of the mutant DC-STAMP protein attenuated the activation of transcription factors NFκB and AP-1 when exogenously expressed. We found that the p.L397F variant did not influence the subcellular localization of the protein. Based on these findings we conclude that genetic variation in DCSTAMP is not a significant predisposing factor in our specific cohort of PDB patients and the p.L397F variant is unlikely to be a contributing factor in PDB pathogenesis.",
keywords = "DC-STAMP, Osteoclast, Paget's disease of bone, Signalling",
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Targeted sequencing of DCSTAMP in familial Paget's disease of bone. / Sultana, M. A.; Pavlos, N. J.; Ward, Lynley; Walsh, J. P.; Rea, S. L.

In: Bone Reports, Vol. 10, 100198, 01.06.2019.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

TY - JOUR

T1 - Targeted sequencing of DCSTAMP in familial Paget's disease of bone

AU - Sultana, M. A.

AU - Pavlos, N. J.

AU - Ward, Lynley

AU - Walsh, J. P.

AU - Rea, S. L.

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N2 - Paget's disease of bone (PDB) has a strong genetic component. Variants in SQSTM1 are found in up to 40% of patients with a family history of the disease, where a pattern of autosomal dominance with incomplete penetrance is apparent. By contrast, SQSTM1 variants are only found in up to 10% of patients with sporadic disease. It has been hypothesised that the remaining genetic susceptibility to PDB, particularly in familial cases, could be explained by rare genetic variants in loci previously identified by Genome Wide Association Studies. It is likely that polygenic factors are involved in many individuals. In this study we utilised whole exome sequencing to investigate predisposing genetic factors in an unsolved PDB kindred and identified a c.1189C > T p.L397F variant in DC-STAMP, also known as TM7SF4, that co-segregated with disease. DCSTAMP was identified as a gene of interest in PDB following Genome Wide Association Studies and has been previously shown to play critical roles in osteoclast fusion. The variant we identified has also been reported in association with PDB in a French-Canadian cohort however the significance of this variant was inconclusive. Targeted screening of DCSTAMP in our familial cohort of PDB patients revealed an additional 8 variants; however we did not find a significant association between any of these, including p.L397F, with PDB. Osteoclastogenesis assays from the affected proband and his unaffected brother demonstrated an increase in osteoclast number and nucleation, consistent with the pagetic phenotype. In converse to other established Paget's associated genetic variations such as SQSTM1, TNFRSF11A and OPTN, expression of the mutant DC-STAMP protein attenuated the activation of transcription factors NFκB and AP-1 when exogenously expressed. We found that the p.L397F variant did not influence the subcellular localization of the protein. Based on these findings we conclude that genetic variation in DCSTAMP is not a significant predisposing factor in our specific cohort of PDB patients and the p.L397F variant is unlikely to be a contributing factor in PDB pathogenesis.

AB - Paget's disease of bone (PDB) has a strong genetic component. Variants in SQSTM1 are found in up to 40% of patients with a family history of the disease, where a pattern of autosomal dominance with incomplete penetrance is apparent. By contrast, SQSTM1 variants are only found in up to 10% of patients with sporadic disease. It has been hypothesised that the remaining genetic susceptibility to PDB, particularly in familial cases, could be explained by rare genetic variants in loci previously identified by Genome Wide Association Studies. It is likely that polygenic factors are involved in many individuals. In this study we utilised whole exome sequencing to investigate predisposing genetic factors in an unsolved PDB kindred and identified a c.1189C > T p.L397F variant in DC-STAMP, also known as TM7SF4, that co-segregated with disease. DCSTAMP was identified as a gene of interest in PDB following Genome Wide Association Studies and has been previously shown to play critical roles in osteoclast fusion. The variant we identified has also been reported in association with PDB in a French-Canadian cohort however the significance of this variant was inconclusive. Targeted screening of DCSTAMP in our familial cohort of PDB patients revealed an additional 8 variants; however we did not find a significant association between any of these, including p.L397F, with PDB. Osteoclastogenesis assays from the affected proband and his unaffected brother demonstrated an increase in osteoclast number and nucleation, consistent with the pagetic phenotype. In converse to other established Paget's associated genetic variations such as SQSTM1, TNFRSF11A and OPTN, expression of the mutant DC-STAMP protein attenuated the activation of transcription factors NFκB and AP-1 when exogenously expressed. We found that the p.L397F variant did not influence the subcellular localization of the protein. Based on these findings we conclude that genetic variation in DCSTAMP is not a significant predisposing factor in our specific cohort of PDB patients and the p.L397F variant is unlikely to be a contributing factor in PDB pathogenesis.

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