The increased procedural demands of stereotactic localization techniques when compared with conventional treatment practices reduces machine efficiency, an outcome likely to be greatly magnified by the introduction of fractionation to stereotactic techniques. Currently in Australia and New Zealand there are no guidelines for the definition of efficiency. We sought to devise a system to simultaneously validate the accuracy and efficiency of the technique. The frameless relocation methods employed in the Medtronic Sofamor Danek (MSD) stereotactic radiotherapy (SRT) system were studied in the clinical setting. Accuracy has been determined according to the accumulation of errors throughout the planning and treatment process. The clinical demands of the system (staffing and resources) were analysed relative to conventional treatment approaches. Timing studies indicate a mean time of 19.7 min for treatment of a daily SRT fraction (4-5 arcs, single isocentre). Cost and staffing requirements are similar to those for conventional radiotherapy. It is concluded that with the system used, SRT is efficient for routine clinical implementation, with the level of efficiency increasing with increasing patient numbers. It is recommended that a common acceptance standard be developed to allow cross-institutional comparison of the clinical efficiency of new treatment techniques.