Synthesis of Yttria Nanopowders for Transparent Yttria Ceramics

L. Wen, X. Sun, Q. Lu, G. Xu, Xiao Hu

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

81 Citations (Scopus)


This paper describes a precipitation process for synthesizing nanocrystalline yttria powder and sintering transparent yttria ceramics. Hydroxide precursor of Y2O3 with an approximate composition of Y-2(OH)(5)NO3 center dot H2O was synthesized by using ammonia water as precipitant and yttrium nitrate as the starting salt. Employing appropriate striking method and optimum synthetic conditions, yttrium hydroxide with a card-house or spherical structure can be formed. It was found that normal striking derived powders have higher sinterability than reverse striking derived powders. The addition of a small amount of ammonia sulfate in the yttrium nitrate solution reduces the agglomeration and particle size of the produced yttria powders. Nanocrystalline yttria powders (60 nm in average size) was obtained by calcining the precursor at 1100 degrees C for 4 h. Transparent yttria ceramics were fabricated from the nano Y2O3 powders by vacuum sintering at 1700 degrees C for 4 h. In the wavelength of 1000 nm, the in-line transmittance reaches 52%. (c) 2005 Elsevier B.V. All rights reserved.
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)239-245
JournalOptical Materials
Issue number2-3
Publication statusPublished - 2006


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