Synthesis, Characterization and In Vivo Activity of Salmon Calcitonin Coconjugated With Lupid and Polyethylene Glycol

W. Cheng, Lee Yong Lim

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

12 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

An irreversible lipidized salmon calcitonin (sCT) analog, Mal-sCT, was previously shown to have comparable hypocalcemic activity to sCT in vivo. This study reports on the synthesis, characterization and pharmacological activity of novel PEGylated Mal-sCT analogs. Mal-sCT, prepared by conjugating sCT via thio-ether bonds with aqueous-soluble palmitic acid derivative at Cys 1 and Cys 7, was reacted with mPEGsuccinimide (mPEG-Suc, 5 kDa). The products were purified and then identified by MALDI-TOF MS and HPLC. Mal-sCT was conjugated with 1 (1PEG-Mal-sCT) or 2 (2PEG-Mal-sCT) PEG chains at Lys 11 and Lys 18, the former being the preferred site of conjugation at higher mPEG-Suc/Mal-sCT ratio. Circular dichroism analysis showed the PEGylated Mal-sCT analogs to possess a robust helical conformation, while size measurement by dynamic light scattering indicated a propensity of the peptides to self-aggregate in aqueous solutions. Both 1PEG-Mal-sCT and 2PEG-Mal-sCT were more stable in rodent intestinal fluids than sCT or Mal-sCT. However, 1PEG-Mal-sCT had comparable hypocalcemic activity to Mal-sCT when injected subcutaneously in the rat, while 2PEG-Mal-sCT was inactive. 1PEG-Mal-sCT was inactive when administered orally in the rat. This study suggested PEGylation of Mal-sCT increased the stability of the lipidized peptide to enzyme degradation, but did not enhance its hypocalcemic activity. ©2008 Wiley-Liss, Inc. and the American Pharmacists Association J Pharm Sci 98:1438– 1451, 2009
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)1438-1451
JournalJournal of Pharmaceutical Sciences
Volume98
Issue number4
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2009

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