Syntheses and Structures of Lithium and Sodium Salt Complexes with Alkylpolyamine Ligands

J.H.N. Buttery, N.C. Plackett, Brian Skelton, C.R. Whitaker, Allan White

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

6 Citations (Scopus)


Syntheses and single crystal X-ray structural characterizations are recorded for some complexes of lithium and sodium halides, MX, X = Cl, Br, I, with various alkylpolyamine ligands 'lm(n)' = [H2N(CH2)(l)NH(CH2)(m)(NH(CH2)(n))NH2], lm(n) = 22, 222, 343, also 22'2" = N((CH2)(2)NH2)(3), and 'apz' = bis-1,4-(2-aminoethyl)piperazine, obtained by crystallization of the metal salt from solution in the neat base, or with the base in methanol solution. The complex LiCl : 22 (2:2) is a discrete dimer, the four-coordinate lithium atoms being bridged by the pair of polyamine ligands, with the chlorine atoms terminally bound. The complex LiBr : 22 (2:3) comprises a one-dimensional cationic polymer, four- and five-coordinate lithium atom types both being coordinated by discrete tridentate bases, and catenated by another, the anions remaining uncoordinated. A hydrolysis product LiBr : 22 : H2O (4:5:1) comprises a cationic web in two dimensions, the counterion remaining uncoordinated. The series of isomorphous complexes NaX : 222 (2:3), X = Br, 1, are two-dimensional polymers, the sodium ions (on crystallographic 3-axes) being linked into a web normal to those axes by ligands which behave as chelates with pendant groups linking Na(en)(3) (en = 1,2-ethane-diamine) type arrays, the counterions remaining uncoordinated. The adduct LiCl : apz (2: 1), derivative of impurity in the 222 ligand, is also a two-dimensional web, the four-coordinate lithium atoms being linked by counterions other. The complex LiI : 343 (1: 1) is a one-dimensional helical polymeric cation, the four-coordinate lithium atoms being linked by bis(chelate)-bridging ligands with unbound counterions. The complexes of 22'2" take two extreme forms, both manifested in LiCl : 22'2" (2:2), wherein one set of crystallographically independent lithium atoms, disposed on crystallographic 3-axes, are linked by extended 22'2" ligands centred about another set of such axes, (the counterions remaining unbound), into a two-dimensional web normal to the 3-axes of the crystal, the other set being bound by the other set of ligands as mononuclear tripod arrays, a motif found in other complexes where the counterion may or may not occupy a fifth coordination site. Here it does not, but in the complex LiBr : 22'2" (2:2), we find both possibilities: [BrLi(22'2")][Li(22'2")]Br, the Li-Br distance in the neutral aggregate being 2.83(2) angstrom, while in Lit : 22'2" (1:1) we have the remarkable prospect of the lithium atoms of a pair of [Li(22'2")]' cations confronting each other along a crystallographic 3-axis (Li...Li 2.82(2) angstrom), the counterions being disposed on another set of 3-axes between the cations. The adduct NaI : 22'2" (1:1) is [INa(22'2")], Na-I 3.101(2) angstrom.
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)1856-1869
JournalZeitschrift fuer Anorganische und Allgemeine Chemie
Issue number10-11
Publication statusPublished - 2006


Dive into the research topics of 'Syntheses and Structures of Lithium and Sodium Salt Complexes with Alkylpolyamine Ligands'. Together they form a unique fingerprint.

Cite this