Synteny defines the presence of two or more genes on the same chromosome of a given species. The status of synteny requires no information about the relative order of genes along the axis of a chromosome or the distance between genes on a chromosome. Since the availability of dense gene-based marker maps and sequenced genomes, the term synteny is predominantly used in context of comparative genomics referring to the presence of the same syntenic genes in ancestrally related linkage groups of two related species, hence describing the state of conserved synteny.
|Title of host publication||Brenner's Encyclopedia of Genetics|
|Number of pages||4|
|Publication status||Published - 27 Feb 2013|