Sweet taste preference in binge-eating disorder: A preliminary investigation

Erica L. Goodman, Lauren Breithaupt, Hunna J. Watson, Christine M. Peat, Jessica H. Baker, Cynthia M. Bulik, Kimberly A. Brownley

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

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Abstract

Research suggests that individuals with high liking for sweets are at increased risk for binge eating, which has been minimally investigated in individuals with binge-eating disorder (BED). Forty-one adults (85% female, 83% white) with binge eating concerns completed a sweet taste test and measures of eating disorder behaviors and food cravings. A subset of participants with BED completed an oral glucose tolerance test (OGTT; N = 21) and a 24-hour dietary recall (N = 26). Regression models were used to compare highest sweet preferers (HSP [N = 18]) to other sweet preferers (OSP [N = 23]) and were used to assess associations between sweet taste preference and outcome variables. Effect sizes (ηp2) for differences between HSP and OSP ranged from small (≤ 0.01) to large (≥ 0.24); group differences were statistically nonsignificant except for 24-hour caloric intake (ηp2 = 0.16, p = 0.04), protein intake (ηp2 = 0.16, p = 0.04), and insulin sensitivity index (ηp2 = 0.24, p = 0.04), which were higher in HSP, and postprandial insulin, which was smaller in HSP (ηp2 = 0.27, p = 0.03). Continuous analyses replicated postprandial insulin response. Compared with OSP, HSP reported numerically higher binge-eating frequency (ηp2 = 0.04), over-eating frequency (ηp2 = 0.06), and carbohydrate intake (ηp2 = 0.14), and they exhibited numerically smaller postprandial glucose AUC (ηp2 = 0.16). Sweet taste preference may have implications for glucose regulation, binge-eating frequency, and nutrient intake in BED.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)8-15
Number of pages8
JournalEating Behaviors
Volume28
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 1 Jan 2018

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Binge-Eating Disorder
Bulimia
Glucose Tolerance Test
Insulin
Glucose
Food
Feeding Behavior
Energy Intake
Area Under Curve
Insulin Resistance
Eating
Carbohydrates
Research
Proteins

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Goodman, E. L., Breithaupt, L., Watson, H. J., Peat, C. M., Baker, J. H., Bulik, C. M., & Brownley, K. A. (2018). Sweet taste preference in binge-eating disorder: A preliminary investigation. Eating Behaviors, 28, 8-15. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.eatbeh.2017.11.005
Goodman, Erica L. ; Breithaupt, Lauren ; Watson, Hunna J. ; Peat, Christine M. ; Baker, Jessica H. ; Bulik, Cynthia M. ; Brownley, Kimberly A. / Sweet taste preference in binge-eating disorder : A preliminary investigation. In: Eating Behaviors. 2018 ; Vol. 28. pp. 8-15.
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Goodman, EL, Breithaupt, L, Watson, HJ, Peat, CM, Baker, JH, Bulik, CM & Brownley, KA 2018, 'Sweet taste preference in binge-eating disorder: A preliminary investigation' Eating Behaviors, vol. 28, pp. 8-15. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.eatbeh.2017.11.005

Sweet taste preference in binge-eating disorder : A preliminary investigation. / Goodman, Erica L.; Breithaupt, Lauren; Watson, Hunna J.; Peat, Christine M.; Baker, Jessica H.; Bulik, Cynthia M.; Brownley, Kimberly A.

In: Eating Behaviors, Vol. 28, 01.01.2018, p. 8-15.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

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T1 - Sweet taste preference in binge-eating disorder

T2 - A preliminary investigation

AU - Goodman, Erica L.

AU - Breithaupt, Lauren

AU - Watson, Hunna J.

AU - Peat, Christine M.

AU - Baker, Jessica H.

AU - Bulik, Cynthia M.

AU - Brownley, Kimberly A.

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