Surface chemistry and rheology of slurries of kaolinite and montmorillonite from different sources

Pek Ing I. Au, Yee-Kwong K. Leong

Research output: Contribution to journalReview articlepeer-review

37 Citations (Scopus)


© 2016 Hosokawa Powder Technology Foundation.Zeta potential (?)-pH and yield stress (ty)-pH behaviour of a number of kaolinite and montmorillonite slurries, including CMS-sourced materials, were compared. The CMS KGa-2 and Crown kaolin with very similar elemental composition displayed almost identical ?-pH and ty-pH behaviour. Both displayed a pH?=0 at 3-4 where the maximum ty was located. This pH?=0 was higher at higher ionic strength as the pH-dependent charge increased with ionic strength and the permanent structural charge being invariant. The other kaolinite slurries (Reidel and Unimin) with different composition showed different behaviour. The surface chemistry and rheological properties of CMS-sourced SWy-2 (Na-) and STx-1b (Ca-) montmorillonite and bentonite slurries were also compared. They all displayed a negative zeta potential that was insensitive to pH. STx-1b slurries required a much higher solid concentration to form a gel. Maximum ty occurred over a broad range of pH. This pH is ~5 for SWy-2, 8 for STx- 1b, <2 for bentonite and 12 for API bentonite. Their difference in clay mineral composition such as impurities and exchangeable cations were highlighted. The point of zero charge (pzc) of kaolinite and montmorillonite slurries obtained via Mular-Roberts pH-salt addition method did not correlate well with the pH?=0 except for the KGa-2 and Crown kaolin.
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)17-32
Number of pages16
JournalBulletin de l'Institut Scientifique, Section Sciences de la Terre
Issue number33
Publication statusPublished - 2016


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