Surface and Underground Water Challenges in the Delta Region of Bangladesh

Md Hosenuzzaman, Mohammad Golam Kibria, Md Anwarul Abedin

Research output: Chapter in Book/Conference paperChapterpeer-review


The surface and groundwater sources in Bangladesh are getting contaminated due to rapid unplanned urbanization and high population density. These water sources are contaminated from toxic trace metals, untreated industrial effluents, improper disposal of domestic waste, and agricultural runoffs. Furthermore, the availability of surface water is not consistent because of seasonal variation. Due to shortage and inconsistencies in surface water supplies, groundwater acts as the mainstay for agriculture, industrial use, and household consumptions. The depleting groundwater level and contamination from different sources have become a great challenge for Bangladesh. This chapter will highlight the major causes of surface and groundwater contamination along with the potential water management strategies through human and policy intervention nexus. A complete scenario of recent water pollution status, challenges of safe water, and management approaches will provide insights and help in policy-making to address water scarcity challenges in the delta region of Bangladesh.
Original languageEnglish
Title of host publicationSurface Environments and Human Interactions
Subtitle of host publicationReflections from Asia
EditorsRajat Mazumder, Rajib Shaw
Place of PublicationSingapore
ISBN (Electronic)978-981-97-0112-4
ISBN (Print)978-981-97-0111-7
Publication statusPublished - 13 Mar 2024
Externally publishedYes


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