Surface and subsurface seawater temperature reconstruction using Mg/Ca microanalysis of planktonic foraminifera Globigerinoides ruber, Globigerinoides sacculifer, and Pulleniatina obliquiloculata

Aleksey Sadekov, Stephen M. Eggins, Patrick De Deckker, Ulysses Ninnemann, Wolfgang Kuhnt, Franck Bassinot

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

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Abstract

Laser-ablation inductively coupled plasma-mass spectrometry microanalyses of Mg/Ca across individual final chambers of three planktonic foraminifera species, Globigerinoides ruber, G. sacculifer, and Pulleniatina obliquiloculata, reveal significant interspecies differences in test Mg concentrations. Whereas these three species have similar Mg/Ca values at low sea surface temperatures (∼22°C), they diverge markedly at high sea surface temperatures (∼29°C). Explanations for these differences in species Mg/Ca values based on detailed comparison of species intratest Mg/Ca distributions suggest that compositional variability within tests cannot account for the observed deviation of species Mg/Ca values in warm-water equatorial regions. Multiple regression modeling and δ18O analysis of Globigerinoides sacculifer tests indicate that interspecies differences in Mg/Ca values result from different depth habitats. The average Mg/Ca values of G. ruber final chambers reflect the temperature of the surface mixed layer (0-25 m), whereas those of G. sacculifer and Pulleniatina obliquiloculata correlate best with subsurface temperatures at 50-75 m and 100-125 m water depths, respectively. Mg/Ca calibration to the temperatures at these depths reveals a similar temperature control on Mg test composition in all species. Combining our results with Mg/Ca values from published culturing experiments, we derive a generalized equation for the effect of temperature and seawater salinity on foraminiferal Mg/Ca. We also show that theMg/Ca composition of specific calcite layers within foraminiferal tests, including the low-Mg/Ca layers of Globigerinoides ruber and G. sacculifer and the cortex layer of Pulleniatina obliquiloculata, correlates with seawater temperature and can be used as an additional proxy for seawater temperature.

Original languageEnglish
Article numberPA3201
JournalPaleoceanography
Volume24
Issue number3
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 1 Sep 2009
Externally publishedYes

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planktonic foraminifera
seawater
temperature
sea surface temperature
warm water
ablation
multiple regression
mixed layer
surface layer
water depth
calcite
mass spectrometry
laser
test
calibration
plasma
salinity
habitat
modeling
experiment

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title = "Surface and subsurface seawater temperature reconstruction using Mg/Ca microanalysis of planktonic foraminifera Globigerinoides ruber, Globigerinoides sacculifer, and Pulleniatina obliquiloculata",
abstract = "Laser-ablation inductively coupled plasma-mass spectrometry microanalyses of Mg/Ca across individual final chambers of three planktonic foraminifera species, Globigerinoides ruber, G. sacculifer, and Pulleniatina obliquiloculata, reveal significant interspecies differences in test Mg concentrations. Whereas these three species have similar Mg/Ca values at low sea surface temperatures (∼22°C), they diverge markedly at high sea surface temperatures (∼29°C). Explanations for these differences in species Mg/Ca values based on detailed comparison of species intratest Mg/Ca distributions suggest that compositional variability within tests cannot account for the observed deviation of species Mg/Ca values in warm-water equatorial regions. Multiple regression modeling and δ18O analysis of Globigerinoides sacculifer tests indicate that interspecies differences in Mg/Ca values result from different depth habitats. The average Mg/Ca values of G. ruber final chambers reflect the temperature of the surface mixed layer (0-25 m), whereas those of G. sacculifer and Pulleniatina obliquiloculata correlate best with subsurface temperatures at 50-75 m and 100-125 m water depths, respectively. Mg/Ca calibration to the temperatures at these depths reveals a similar temperature control on Mg test composition in all species. Combining our results with Mg/Ca values from published culturing experiments, we derive a generalized equation for the effect of temperature and seawater salinity on foraminiferal Mg/Ca. We also show that theMg/Ca composition of specific calcite layers within foraminiferal tests, including the low-Mg/Ca layers of Globigerinoides ruber and G. sacculifer and the cortex layer of Pulleniatina obliquiloculata, correlates with seawater temperature and can be used as an additional proxy for seawater temperature.",
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Surface and subsurface seawater temperature reconstruction using Mg/Ca microanalysis of planktonic foraminifera Globigerinoides ruber, Globigerinoides sacculifer, and Pulleniatina obliquiloculata. / Sadekov, Aleksey; Eggins, Stephen M.; De Deckker, Patrick; Ninnemann, Ulysses; Kuhnt, Wolfgang; Bassinot, Franck.

In: Paleoceanography, Vol. 24, No. 3, PA3201, 01.09.2009.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

TY - JOUR

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AU - Sadekov, Aleksey

AU - Eggins, Stephen M.

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AU - Kuhnt, Wolfgang

AU - Bassinot, Franck

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