177 Lu-PSMA radioligand therapy of predominant lymph node metastatic prostate cancer

Finn Edler Von Eyben, Aviral Singh, Jingjing Zhang, Karin Nipsch, Danielle Meyrick, Nat Lenzo, Kalevi Kairemo, Timo Joensuu, Irene Virgolini, Cigdem Soydal, Harshad R. Kulkarni, Richard Paul Baum

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7 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

177 Lu-PSMA radioligand therapy (LuPRLT) is mainly used for patients with metastatic castration-resistant prostate cancer who are resistant to established drugs. This study describes LuPRLT, either LuPSMA I&T or LuPSMA RLT-617, for 45 patients with predominant lymph node metastatic prostate cancer (LNM PC). Thirtyfive patients had LNM and ten patients had LNM and one or two bone metastases. Before LuPRLT, the patients had prostate specific antigen (PSA) of median 18 μg/l (interquartile range (IQR): 3.3-39). LuPRLT was given with a cumulative injected 177 Lu activity of median 14.5 GBq (IQR: 12.2-20.4). Maximum percentage decline of PSA was median 92% (IQR: 70-99). Thirty-five patients with only LNM had a better overall survival (OS) than ten patients with LNM and one or two bone metastases. Thirty-three docetaxel-naïve patients had a longer PSMA PET/CT progression-free survival than twelve patients who were resistant to docetaxel. Twenty-two patients who received LuPRLT with a cumulative injected 177 Lu activity ≥ 14.8 GBq had a better PSMA PET/CT progression-free survival than 23 patients who received LuPRLT with a lower cumulative injected 177 Lu activity. Seventeen patients with relapse after LuPRLT who received rechallenge LuPRLT or ActPRLT had a better OS than five patients who received other forms for relapse treatment. LuPRLT gave mild and transitory adverse effects. The findings of the present study suggest that LuPRLT of patients with LNM may be effective and safe. The promising results motivate randomized phase II trials to further quantify the impact of LuPRLT as treatment of patients with LNM.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)2451-2461
Number of pages11
JournalOncotarget
Volume10
Issue number25
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 29 Mar 2019

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