13CH3OH Masers Associated with a Transient Phenomenon in a High-mass Young Stellar Object

Xi Chen, Andrej M. Sobolev, Shari L. Breen, Zhi Qiang Shen, Simon P. Ellingsen, Gordon C. MacLeod, Bin Li, Maxim A. Voronkov, Jane F. Kaczmarek, Jiangshui Zhang, Zhi Yuan Ren, Jin Wang, Hendrik Linz, Todd R. Hunter, Crystal Brogan, Koichiro Sugiyama, Ross A. Burns, Karl Menten, Alberto Sanna, Bringfried StecklumTomoya Hirota, Kee Tae Kim, James Chibueze, Sp Van Den Heever

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22 Citations (Scopus)


We report the first detection of isotopic methanol (13CH3OH) maser emission in interstellar space. The emission was detected toward the high-mass young stellar object G358.93-0.03 during monitoring of a flare in the 6.7 GHz methanol (CH3OH) maser emission in this source. We find that the spectral and spatial distribution of the 13CH3OH masers differs from the CH3OH masers imaged at the same epoch, contrary to expectations from similarity of their pumping. This conclusively demonstrates that isotopic methanol masers are bright under different physical conditions and suggests that they can provide additional, complementary information to the CH3OH masers from the same source. We detect a rapid decay of the 13CH3OH maser lines suggesting that they are transient phenomena (masing for only a few months), likely associated with rapid changes in radiation field due to an accretion burst induced by massive disk fragmentation. Changes in the line flux density are faster than required to achieve equilibrium in the energy level populations, indicating that the pumping of these masers is likely variable.

Original languageEnglish
Article numberL22
JournalAstrophysical Journal Letters
Issue number2
Publication statusPublished - 20 Feb 2020
Externally publishedYes


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