Subcellular Proteomics as a Unified Approach of Experimental Localizations and Computed Prediction Data for Arabidopsis

Cornelia M. Hooper, Ian R. Castleden, Sandra K. Tanz, Sally V. Grasso, A. Harvey Millar

Research output: Chapter in Book/Conference paperChapterpeer-review

2 Citations (Scopus)


In eukaryotic organisms, subcellular protein location is critical in defining protein function and understanding sub-functionalization of gene families. Some proteins have defined locations, whereas others have low specificity targeting and complex accumulation patterns. There is no single approach that can be considered entirely adequate for defining the in vivo location of all proteins. By combining evidence from different approaches, the strengths and weaknesses of different technologies can be estimated, and a location consensus can be built. The Subcellular Location of Proteins in Arabidopsis database ( combines experimental data sets that have been reported in the literature and is analyzing these data to provide useful tools for biologists to interpret their own data. Foremost among these tools is a consensus classifier (SUBAcon) that computes a proposed location for all proteins based on balancing the experimental evidence and predictions. Further tools analyze sets of proteins to define the abundance of cellular structures. Extending these types of resources to plant crop species has been complex due to polyploidy, gene family expansion and contraction, and the movement of pathways and processes within cells across the plant kingdom. The Crop Proteins of Annotated Location database ( has developed a range of subcellular location resources including a species-specific voting consensus for 12 plant crop species that offers collated evidence and filters for current crop proteomes akin to SUBA. Comprehensive cross-species comparison of these data shows that the sub-cellular proteomes (subcellulomes) depend only to some degree on phylogenetic relationship and are more conserved in major biosynthesis than in metabolic pathways. Together SUBA and cropPAL created reference subcellulomes for plants as well as species-specific subcellulomes for cross-species data mining. These data collections are increasingly used by the research community to provide a subcellular protein location layer, inform models of compartmented cell function and protein-protein interaction network, guide future molecular crop breeding strategies, or simply answer a specific question-where is my protein of interest inside the cell?

Original languageEnglish
Title of host publication Advances in Plant Omics and Systems Biology Approaches
EditorsFV Winck
Place of PublicationSwitzerland
Number of pages23
ISBN (Print)978-3-030-80351-3
Publication statusPublished - 2021

Publication series

NameAdvances in Experimental Medicine and Biology
ISSN (Print)0065-2598
ISSN (Electronic)2214-8019


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