Studying the DNA binding of a non-covalent analogue of the trinuclear platinum anticancer agent BBR3464

Joseph Moniodis

Research output: ThesisDoctoral Thesis

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[Truncated abstract] The Phase II clinical candidate, [(trans-Pt(NH3)2Cl)2{μ-trans-Pt(NH3)2(H2N(CH2)6NH2)2}]4+ (BBR3464 or 1,0,1/t,t,t) shows a unique binding profile when compared to the anticancer agent cis-[Pt(NH3)2Cl2] (cisplatin) and dinuclear platinum complexes of the general formula [(trans-Pt(NH3)2Cl)2(H2N(CH2)nNH2)]2+. There is evidence that the increased efficacy of 1,0,1/t,t,t results from the presence of the charged central linker, which can alter the mode of binding to DNA. This alternate binding mode may be due to an electrostatic and hydrogen bonding association of the central platinum moiety in the minor groove that occurs prior to covalent binding (termed “pre-association”) . . . This research shows that 0,0,0/t,t,t is an adequate model to study the pre-association process of 1,0,1/t,t,t and that it binds in the minor groove of DNA. Therefore it is likely that 1,0,1/t,t,t pre-associates in the minor groove of DNA prior to covalent binding. This work supports the conclusions reached in NMR studies of the binding of 1,0,1/t,t,t with the 1,4-GG sequence (Qu et al. JBIC. 8, 19-28 (2003)), which showed simultaneous binding in the major and minor groove. The findings of the current work may also explain the observed binding mode of 1,0,1/t,t,t, which can bind to DNA in both the 3',3' and 5',5' directions (Kasparkova et al. JBC. 277, 48076-48086 (2002)). These unique binding characteristics are thought to be responsible for the increased efficacy of 1,0,1/t,t,t, and in light of the current results the observed binding mode most likely stems from the electrostatic pre-association of the central platinum moiety.
Original languageEnglish
QualificationDoctor of Philosophy
Publication statusUnpublished - 2006


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