Female SJL/J mice are more susceptible to development of experimental autoimmune myositis than most other mouse strains. Since complement has been implicated in the pathogenesis of inflammatory muscle disease in humans, quantitative and qualitative studies of complement C3 were undertaken in SJL/J and BALB/c mice to determine whether complement may influence disease susceptibility in SJL/J mice. In accordance with previous studies, mature male and female BALB/c mice were shown to have similar serum C3 concentrations. However, differences were found between mature male and female SJL/J mice. Male SJL/J mice have significantly higher serum C3 concentrations than SJL/J females and both sexes of BALB/c mice suggesting that serum C3 concentration may be variably influenced by sex in some mouse strains. Qualitatively, SJL/J mice were shown to have a different allotypic form of C3 (C3F) compared to the common electrophoretically slow form (C3S) found in BALB/c mice and most other mouse strains. Furthermore, studies on the decay rate of (3 revealed that C3b/iC3b fragments are converted to C3c/d at a faster rate in sera from female SJL/J mice compared to female BALB/c mice. Because removal and solubility of immune complexes is influenced by complement C3, it is possible that the more rapid decay of the phagocytic ligands C3b/iC3b may account for the increased susceptibility to development of autoimmune disease in female SJL/J mice.
|Journal||European Journal of Immunogenetics|
|Publication status||Published - 1993|