Structural enzymology of Helicobacter pylori methylthioadenosine nucleosidase in the futalosine pathway

R.Q. Kim, W.A. Offen, G.J. Davies, Keith Stubbs

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

11 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

The recently discovered futalosine pathway is a promising target for the development of new antibiotics. The enzymes involved in this pathway are crucial for the biosynthesis of the essential prokaryotic respiratory compound menaquinone, and as the pathway is limited to few bacterial species such as the gastric pathogen Helicobacter pylori it is a potential target for specific antibiotics. In this report, the crystal structure of an H. pylori methylthioadenosine nucleosidase (MTAN; an enzyme with broad specificity and activity towards 6-amino-6-deoxyfutalosine), which is involved in the second step of menaquinone biosynthesis, has been elucidated at a resolution of 1.76 Å and refined with R factors of R work = 17% and R free = 21%. Activity studies on the wild type and active-site mutants show that the hydrolysis of 6-amino-6-deoxyfutalosine follows a mechanism similar to that of Escherichia coli MTAN. Further evidence for this mode of action is supplied by the crystal structures of active-site mutants. Through the use of reaction intermediates, the structures give additional evidence for the previously proposed nucleosidase mechanism. These structures and the confirmed reaction mechanism will provide a structural basis for the design of new inhibitors targeting the futalosine pathway. © 2014 International Union of Crystallography.
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)177-185
Number of pages8
JournalActa Crystallographica Section D: Structural Biology
Volume70
Issue number1
Early online date31 Dec 2013
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Jan 2014

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