Strip-based registration of serially acquired optical coherence tomography angiography

Morgan Heisler, Sieun Lee, Zaid Mammo, Yifan Jian, Myeongjin Ju, Andrew Merkur, Eduardo Navajas, Chandrakumar Balaratnasingam, Mirza Faisal Beg, Marinko V. Sarunic

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

24 Citations (Scopus)


The visibility of retinal microvasculature in optical coherence tomography angiography (OCT-A) images is negatively affected by the small dimension of the capillaries, pulsatile blood flow, and motion artifacts. Serial acquisition and time-averaging of multiple OCT-A images can enhance the definition of the capillaries and result in repeatable and consistent visualization. We demonstrate an automated method for registration and averaging of serially acquired OCT-A images. Ten OCT-A volumes from six normal control subjects were acquired using our prototype 1060-nm swept source OCT system. The volumes were divided into microsaccade-free en face angiogram strips, which were affine registered using scale-invariant feature transform keypoints, followed by nonrigid registration by pixel-wise local neighborhood matching. The resulting averaged images were presented of all the retinal layers combined, as well as in the superficial and deep plexus layers separately. The contrast-to-noise ratio and signal-to-noise ratio of the angiograms with all retinal layers (reported as average±standard deviation) increased from 0.52±0.22 and 19.58±4.04dB for a single image to 0.77±0.25 and 25.05±4.73dB, respectively, for the serially acquired images after registration and averaging. The improved visualization of the capillaries can enable robust quantification and study of minute changes in retinal microvasculature.

Original languageEnglish
Article number036007
JournalJournal of Biomedical Optics
Issue number3
Publication statusPublished - 1 Mar 2017


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