© The Government of Western Australia, 2016.The West Australian Department of Parks and Wildlife (Parks and Wildlife) undertakes and facilitates marine research that informs the management of marine parks and reserves created under the Conservation and Land Management Act 1984 (CALM Act). Broad marine research priorities for management include understanding patterns in the distribution of marine assets and the processes that shape these patterns, improving the design and function of marine reserves, and understanding the ecology of threatened and specially protected marine fauna. More specific and targeted research priorities are required for efficient and effective use of resources. Research relating to the ecological assets listed in each indicative or final marine reserve management plan was prioritised using a framework that considered the ecological and social value of assets, the anthropogenic pressures acting on assets and the current state of knowledge relating to assets. Invertebrates, macroalgae/seagrasses, soft sediment habitat, and intertidal and filter-feeding communities were identified as fundamental research priorities in several marine reserves, whilst the effects of climate change on turtles, coral reef, seagrass, macroalgal and mangrove communities and the effects of fishing on finfish and invertebrate communities were identified as priorities for applied research. A list of >100 marine asset and park specific research strategies is presented, which in combination with fundamental and applied asset priorities identifies focal areas of Parks and Wildlife marine research, promoting efficient use of resources and facilitating collaboration with other research organisations.