Stimulatory effect on pea of Typha Angustifolia L. extracts and their chemical composition

Nadia Ghezal, Asma Rinez, Ines Zribi, Muhammad Farooq, Luigino Troisi, Giuseppe Cannazza, Catia Granito, Rabiaa Haouala

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Abstract

In this study, the influence of aqueous and organic extracts of different plant parts (flowers, leaves, and stems) of Typha angustifolia on the germination and early seedling growth of field pea (Pisum sativum L.) was evaluated. Chemical composition of extracts of different plant parts of Typha was also determined. Aqueous (20, 40, 60, 80, and 100 g L−1) and organic extracts (at 0.5, 1, and 2 mg mL−1) were applied to the seeds of two pea cultivars, Douce de Provence and Lincoln, placed in Petri dishes. Application of extracts had a beneficial effect on germination and early seedling growth of both pea cultivars. However, aqueous extract of leaves showed the most beneficial effect at 60 and 40 g L−1 for the cultivars Douce de Provence and Lincoln, respectively. The effect could be attributed to the allelochemicals present in the aqueous extracts. Petroleum ether and chloroform extracts of leaves had the most stimulating effect on the germination and early seedling growth of pea. Analysis of Typha extracts indicated the presence of vitamin E in leaves, which could be responsible forthis stimulation. Moreover, Typha leaves also had substantial amount of flavonoids. In conclusion, the allelopathic activity of of Typha was dependent on the plant part, the solvent nature, the concentration of the extracts tested, and on the pea cultivar. Application of leaf extract was the most effective in improving the germination rate and early seedling growth of pea.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)1993-2005
Number of pages13
JournalJournal of Plant Nutrition
Volume40
Issue number14
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 27 Aug 2017

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