Sternal sparing aortic valve replacement via right anterior minithoracotomy: An early experience

Rong Hui (Misté) Chia, Pragnesh Joshi

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review


Purpose: This study aims to evaluate the perioperative outcomes of aortic valve replacement (AVR) via right anterior minithoracotomy (RAT) during the learning curve. Methods: It was a retrospective, observational, cohort study of patients who underwent RAT AVR from June 2015 to April 2022. Primary outcomes measured were 30-day morbidity and mortality. Results: A total of 107 consecutive patients underwent elective RAT AVR. Our patients were mostly male (78.5%), elderly (mean 68.7 years), and obese (34.6%). A majority of the patients (93.5%) were of low operative risk. Median cross-clamp and bypass times were 95 and 123 minutes respectively. There was a statistically significant correlation between increase in number of cases and decrease in operative time. All patients had no paravalvular leak at discharge. There were no operative cardiovascular mortality or major morbidity including stroke, myocardial infarction, renal failure requiring dialysis, or vascular complication. No patient required intraoperative conversion to full sternotomy for completion of AVR. Conclusion: Our study demonstrated that RAT AVR can be safely introduced. The learning curve required in performing RAT AVR can be safely negotiated through training, previous experience in minimally invasive surgery, careful patient selection including use of preoperative computed tomography of the aorta, and introduction of sutureless/rapid deployment valves.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)191-197
Number of pages7
JournalIndian journal of thoracic and cardiovascular surgery
Issue number2
Early online date3 Oct 2023
Publication statusPublished - Mar 2024


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