Stemmed Tibial Fixation for Primary Total Knee Arthroplasty in Obese Patients—A National Registry Study

Jessica K. Osan, Ian A. Harris, Dylan Harries, Yi Peng, Piers J. Yates, Christopher W. Jones

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

1 Citation (Scopus)


Background: We investigated if the use of augmented tibial fixation with stems in primary total knee arthroplasty (TKA) in obese patients was associated with a difference in reason for revision, type of revision, or overall revision rate. Methods: Data from the Australian Orthopaedic Association National Joint Replacement Registry compared reason for revision, rate, and type of revision between primary TKA using stemmed tibial prostheses to nonstemmed prostheses, stratified by body mass index (BMI) and obesity. The cumulative percent revision was obtained using the Kaplan-Meier method, and Cox proportional hazards models estimated hazard ratios (HRs) adjusted for age and sex with 95% confidence intervals (CIs). All tests were 2-tailed at 5% statistical significance (P < .05). There were 66,508 procedures available for analyses. Results: Obese class 2 (BMI 35 to 39.99) had higher rates of revision in the stemmed group compared to the nonstemmed group (HR 1.44, 95% CI 1.00, 2.05, P = .047). There was no significant difference in revision rates between stemmed and nonstemmed tibial prostheses in any other BMI group. Primary TKA in obese patients (BMI ≥30) with a stem extension had a significantly higher rate of minor revisions compared to no stem extension (HR 1.31, 95% CI 1.03, 1.66, P = .025). There was no significant difference between stemmed and nonstemmed groups for major revision in obese patients and for minor or major revision in nonobese patients. Conclusion: Using a tibial stem during primary TKA in obese patients is not associated with a lower rate of revision.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)355-362
Number of pages8
JournalJournal of Arthroplasty
Issue number2
Early online date14 Aug 2023
Publication statusPublished - Feb 2024


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