Method: Adults participants (=18 years) were recruited through opportunistic sampling across Australia during the month of May in 2017, 2018 and 2019. Trained volunteers recorded BP readings in a standardized manner and collected data on demographic, lifestyle factors and comorbidities. Hypertension was defined as SBP of at least 140 mmHg, or DBP of at least 90 mmHg, or taking antihypertensive medication. Data were collated centrally and analysis was carried out using regression models to evaluate the associations between BP and participant characteristics.
Results: A total of 10 046 participants were screened, of whom 3097 (31.0%) had hypertension, only 48.5% were aware of their condition and 44.4% were taking antihypertensive medication. Of those taking antihypertensive medication, 53.2% were controlled to less than 140/90 mmHg, whereas the remaining 46.8% of participants had BP of at least 140/90 mmHg suggestive of inadequately treated hypertension.
Conclusion: Consecutive data obtained over a 3-year period in Australia demonstrated stagnating awareness, treatment and control rates with the latter two being substantially lower than global rates and those in other high-income countries. Concerted efforts from all stakeholders will be required to help overcome the unacceptably poor rates of BP treatment and control in Australia.