The value of Katanning Early Maturing (KEM) breeding lines from Western Australia, derived from Brassica napus x B. juncea crosses, was assessed as a source of germplasm for resistance to blackleg disease (caused by Leptosphaeria maculans) in spring-type oilseed rape cultivars. The stability of blackleg resistance in these KEM lines was related to key cytological characteristics to determine why there are poor levels of introgression of this resistance into progeny. Promising recombinant KEM lines were crossed with the spring-type B. napus cv. Dunkeld, which has useful polygenic resistance to blackleg, and screened for resistance. The lines were analyzed cytologically for pairing of bivalents in each generation to aid in the selection of stable recombinant lines. KEM recombinant lines showing regular meiotic behavior and a high level of blackleg resistance were obtained for the first time. We also showed that the stable introgression of the B. juncea resistance from the KEM lines into a 'Dunkeld' background was possible. Inoculation of selfing and backcross populations with isolates of L. maculans having different AvrLm genes indicated that the B. juncea resistance gene, Rlm6, had been introgressed into a B. napus spring-type cultivar carrying polygenic resistance. The combination of both resistances would enhance the overall effectiveness of resistance against L. maculans. This is clearly needed in Australia and France where cultivars relying upon single dominant gene-based resistance for their effectiveness have proved not durable.