Stability and dynamics of enzyme activity patterns in the rice rhizosphere: Effects of plant growth and temperature

Tida Ge, Xiaomeng Wei, Bahar S. Razavi, Zhenke Zhu, Yajun Hu, Yakov Kuzyakov, Davey L. Jones, Jinshui Wu

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

31 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

The rhizosphere is the most dynamic hotspot of microbial activity in the soil. Despite these dynamics, the spatial pattern of many rhizosphere properties may remain stable because they are continuously reproduced in the changing environment. Low substrate concentration can strongly reduce the rate response of an enzymatic reaction subjected to increased temperature and is recognized as a canceling effect on enzyme temperature sensitivity. Carbon input from rhizodeposits affects C availability in the rhizosphere, and thus the enzyme activities responsible for organic matter decomposition, and their temperature sensitivities, upset the dynamics and stability of biochemical processes in the rhizosphere. However, it is unclear whether a canceling effect occurs in the rhizosphere. We studied temperature effects on chitinase and phosphatase during rice (Oryza sativa L.) growth at 18 and 25 °C. The spatial distribution of enzyme activities was imaged using soil zymography and showed that the overall activities of these enzymes increased with temperature but decreased with rice growth. The temporal dynamics of hotspot areas were enzyme-specific. During growing days 14–30, hotspot areas decreased from 2-2.5% to 0.3–0.5% for chitinase, but increased from 2% to 6–7% for phosphatase. The distribution pattern of both enzymes shifted from being dispersed throughout the soil to being associated with the roots. For the first time, we showed the extent of rhizosphere enzyme activity in paddy soil and demonstrated that it is temporally stationary and independent of temperature. However, the temperature sensitivity of enzyme activities declined radically (Q10∼1.3–1.4) at the root surface compared to that of bulk soil (Q10 ∼1). We conclude that the spatio-temporal pattern of rhizosphere enzymatic hotspots is mainly affected by plant growth. High temperature sensitivity (Q10 > 1) at the root-soil interface for the tested enzymes revealed that warming will lead to faster nutrient mobilization in the rhizosphere than in root-free soil.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)108-115
Number of pages8
JournalSoil Biology and Biochemistry
Volume113
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 1 Oct 2017
Externally publishedYes

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