Spin bath maser in a cryogenically cooled sapphire whispering gallery mode resonator

Jeremy Bourhill, Karim Benmessaï, Maxim Goryachev, Daniel Creedon, W. Farr, Michael Tobar

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

12 Citations (Scopus)


We report the observation of a mechanism of maser generation in an ensemble of intercoupled, inhomogeneously broadened two-level systems, enhanced by high quality factor electromagnetic cavity modes. In this form of population inversion, an inseparable quantum system leads to cavity-enhanced stimulated emission arising from interactions within an ensemble of two-level systems, as opposed to a traditional ensemble of noninteracting identical three-level systems. The effect is observed in a cryogenically cooled whispering gallery mode sapphire resonator containing dilute Fe3+ impurity ions. These ions exhibit strong spin-lattice interaction, leading to both electron spin resonance broadening and phonon mediated spin-spin coupling. The maser effect is due to a |1/2|3/2 energy transition in an electron spin angular momentum observed at zero external magnetic field. Both continuous and oscillating regimes are observed with corresponding thresholds both in detuning frequency and incident power. © 2013 American Physical Society.
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)5pp
JournalPhysical Review B - Condensed Matter and Materials Physics
Issue number23
Publication statusPublished - 2013


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