|Title of host publication||Encyclopedia of Forensic Sciences, Third Edition|
|Editors||Heidi Eldridge, Simon Lewis, Kevin Lothridge, Paul Reedy, Lauren Wilson|
|Number of pages||10|
|Publication status||Published - 2023|
Distinguishing human from non-human bone and from non-osseous material is a challenging task in forensic anthropology. This determination is important because “human” confirmation dictates medicolegal significance. The aim of this chapter is to provide an introduction to the methods available to the forensic anthropologist for distinguishing human from non-human bone. Some methods are based on gross physical examination, whilst others require destructive sampling and access to highly specialized equipment and associated expertize. There are complexities and limitations that determine whether a given method can be applied and these are accordingly considered.